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新西兰政府:ICO代币和加密货币都是证券

新西兰市场监管部门表示,所有的代币和加密货币都属于证券,并属于《金融市场管理法》监管范围。

这一监管部门表明,通过ICO发行的代币基于其具体的特点和经济实质可以被定义为金融产品(债券、股票或受托管的投资产品及衍生品)。

FMA在声明中列明了交易所、钱包以及经纪商等加密货币服务供应商所需履行的法律义务。FMA指出,这类供应商必须遵守以下规定:

1. 在金融服务供应商登记系统(FSPR)中登记;

2. 支付申请费用以及应收税款;

3. 遵守公平交易规则,履行反洗钱法规定的义务。

另外,新西兰金融监管部门还呼吁加密货币初创公司在发起ICO开启早期研发阶段之前尽早与他们取得联系。

 

All tokens and cryptocurrencies are securities even if they do not have signs of securities, New Zealand's Markets Authority has said in a commentary.

According to the Financial Markets Authority (FMA), “all tokens or cryptocurrencies are securities under the FMC Act – even those that are not financial products.”

The regulator clarifies that a token offered via an ICO may be classified as a financial product (debt or equity securities, managed investment products and derivatives) depending on its specific characteristics and economic substance.

The FMA's comment sets out the legal obligations for providers of cryptocurrency-related services, such as exchanges, wallets, and broking. According to FMA, such providers must comply with the following requirements: be registered on the Financial Service Providers Register (FSPR), pay the applicable fees and levies, comply with the fair dealing provisions and with anti-money laundering obligations.

The financial authority of New Zealand urges cryptocurrency start-ups to contact them early in the development phase before conducting ICOs.

“Given the bespoke nature of cryptocurrency-related financial services, we encourage you to approach us early about the services you plan to offer. We are happy to discuss requirements with you and your legal advisers on an individual basis.”


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