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德勤:2017年上半年新建区块链项目与2016年全年持平

近日,全球审计四大巨头之一的德勤(Deloitte)发布了一份名为《区块链技术演进:从GitHub平台得出的见解》("Evolution of Blockchain Technology: Insights from the GitHub Platform" )的报告。

据了解,GitHub平台目前存放着超过86000个区块链项目的代码,包括著名的比特币项目。2016年GitHub上创建了超过26000个区块链相关的新项目。

总体上讲,该研究报告通过自2009年以来的各种实施(从比特币开始)绘制了区块链技术的发展过程。数据显示,2016年是目前为止诞生新区块链项目最多的一年,共有26000多个。相比之下,2015年创建的区块链项目只有不到15000个。报告中2017年的数据只包括前6个月,然而这个数字也达到了近25000个。

这份报告还包括了GitHub上的一些顶级区块链代码库的数据。其中,比特币代码库最为活跃(意料之中),共有627位贡献者以及近12000名关注者。Go-ethereum(或Geth),由非盈利的以太坊基金会维护的软件客户端,目前吸引了149位贡献者以及5603名关注者。

值得注意的是,德勤在这份报告中提出了一个重要的新发现,那就是GitHub上目前绝大多数区块链项目很大程度上并不活跃。

德勤解释说:

“开源项目面临的一个严峻现实就是大多数会被抛弃或者无法取得有意义的进展。很不幸,区块链也未能摆脱这种现实。我们的分析发现只有8%的区块链项目是活跃的,我们定义的标准是这些项目在过去6个月至少更新过一次代码库......其中,用户开发的项目中7%是活跃的,而组织机构开发的项目中15%是活跃的”。

这份报告还进一步提供了目前区块链发展速度的地理性分析,其中旧金山是聚集区块链相关Github库所有者最多的地方,拥有1279个用户和101个组织。伦敦位居第二位,拥有919个项目,再其次是纽约,拥有774个项目。

此外该报告还表示,中国的区块链产业也具备非常高的活跃性,上海与北京尤其突出。在这些城市里,绝大多数区块链项目都是与加密货币和加密货币交易所相关,这些项目的重点都集中在可扩展性。

More than 26,000 new projects related to blockchain were created on code repository GitHub last year, according to data collected by Deloitte.

For its new report – titled "Evolution of Blockchain Technology: Insights from the GitHub Platform" and published today – the professional services firm drew information from the development platform, which plays home to the code for over 86,000 blockchain initiatives, including major projects like bitcoin.

As a whole, the study charts the course of development of the technology through various implementations (beginning with bitcoin) dating back to 2009.

Deloitte's report indicates that 2016 saw the most new blockchain projects (by both organizations and individual users) to date. By comparison, fewer than 15,000 were created in 2015. The data for 2017 includes only the first six months of the year, yet nearly 25,000 GitHub projects were created over that period.

The report also included data on the top blockchain code repositories on GitHub. Of those, bitcoin has (perhaps unsurprisingly) seen the most activity, with 627 total contributors and nearly 12,000 followers. Go-ethereum (or Geth), the software client maintained by the non-profit Ethereum Foundation, has drawn 149 contributors to date with 5,603 followers.

Another major data point in the report is that the majority of blockchain projects seen to date are largely inactive on GitHub.

Deloitte explains:

"The stark reality of open-source projects is that most are abandoned or do not achieve meaningful scale. Unfortunately, blockchain is not immune to this reality. Our analysis found that only 8 percent of projects are active, which we define as being updated at least once in the last six months."

The authors add that organizations are a "positive differentiator" in the data, saying "while 7 percent of projects developed by users are active, 15 percent of projects developed by organizations are active."

The report further offers geographical insights into the pace of blockchain development thus far, noting that San Francisco plays home to the most blockchain-related GitHub repository owners, with 1,279 users and 101 organizations. London scored the second-highest with 919 projects in total, followed by New York with 774.

"It is also worth noting the high level of activity in China, specifically, Shanghai and Beijing. In both of these cities, most of the projects pertain to cryptocurrencies and cryptocurrency exchanges, with an emphasis on scalability," the report goes on to say.


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