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涉嫌非法收债,在线借贷平台ThinkFinance遭CFPB起诉

Think Finance是一家来自美国德克萨斯州的在线贷款服务公司。该公司自2011年起开始在线发放贷款并收受偿付,同时向消费者借贷行业公司提供软件技术、分析和营销服务。该公司还代表三个美国本土的借贷机构(Great Plains Lending LLC, MobiLoans LLC and Plain Green LLC)提供类似服务。

近日,美国消费者金融保护局(后文简称CFPB)起诉Think Finance公司,指控其向消费者非法追收贷款债务。

CFPB控诉Think Finance收取的利率"太高,违反了他们业务范围内一些州的高利贷法律,而违法意味着某些贷款是无效的。

与此同时,Think Finance在某些州没有获取执照就发放贷款或收受款项,而他们在没有执照的情况下还从消费者银行账户中在线扣除资金并通过电话或书面文件要求消费者偿付款项。以上种种行为再次证明了Think Finance追账举动缺乏法律依据。

三周前,《国家法律回顾》报告称,Think Finance已经申请破产保护并猜测该公司"可能没有资源在这起诉讼中为自己辩护。"

CFPB表示,这些行为违反了道得《多德·弗兰克法案》和美国《消费者保护法》,要求赔偿受损消费者,并建议对Think Finance进行罚款。据了解,CFPB本次的诉求是补偿受损消费者、民事罚款并且停止侵权。CFPB的起诉并不是对该公司或个人违法的判决。

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau filed a lawsuit against Think Finance LLC, alleging the company collected payments on debts consumers did not owe.

The CFPB's complaint, filed in United States District Court District of Montana, alleges that Think Finance, an online loan servicer based in Addison, Texas, "collects on loans that are void under state laws governing interest rate caps or the licensing of lenders," according to a news release from the CFPB. The loans are void under laws in 17 states.

These actions are violations of the Dodd-Frank Act and Consumer Protection Act, according to the CFPB.

"The bureau alleges that Think Finance made deceptive demands and illegally took money from consumers' bank accounts for debts that were not legally owed. The CFPB seeks to recoup relief for harmed consumers and impose a penalty," the news release said.

Think Finance has extended credit and collected payments online since 2011 and also provides software technology, analytics and marketing services to financial clients in the consumer lending industry, according to the complaint. The company also provides similar services, including extending credit and collecting payments, on behalf of three lending businesses owned by Native American Tribes: Great Plains Lending LLC, MobiLoans LLC and Plain Green LLC, according to the complaint.

Specifically, the CFPB alleges that Think Finance charged interest rates "high enough to violate usury laws in some states where they did business and violation of these usury laws renders particular loans void."

The company also allegedly did not obtain licenses to issue loans or collect payments in certain states, a practice that also renders particular loans void, and made electronic withdrawals from consumers' bank accounts and demanded payments by phone or in writing.

Just three weeks ago, The National Law Review reported that Think Finance filed for bankruptcy protection and now speculates that it "may not have the resources to defend itself in this action."

The CFPB seeks monetary relief for consumers, civil money penalties, injunctive relief and to prohibit Think Finance from collecting on void loans, according to the complaint. The CFPB's complaint is not a finding or ruling that the company or individual has actually violated the law.


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