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以太坊推出百万美元扩容补贴

负责监管以太坊发展进程的非盈利组织以太坊基金会近日正式公布了两项补贴计划,将用于支持关于如何增加其区块链所能处理的交易数量的研究。

在本周二发布的博客中,以太坊创始人Vitalik Buterin指出,以太坊网络的日交易处理量开始达到100万笔。在他看来,以太坊扩容是“最重要的一项关键技术挑战”,开发人员需要在区块链应用被广泛使用之前进行研究。

因此,这些补贴计划正在被推出以激励开发者实施两个提出的解决方案:分片(sharding)和基于目前区块链之上创建的双层协议(layer-two)。

分片是一种只需要少量区块链节点参与交易验证的流程,替代了以往需要所有节点参与的模式。目前,以太坊开发者正在完成分片协议的参数,并正在寻找团队创建分片实施并在以太坊测试网络上推出。

另一方面,双层协议采取了一种不同的交易模式,将交易带到以太坊主区块链之下进行。这种网络将允许在链上和链下转移交易,但不会被实际用于处理交易。

根据以太坊基金会博客所述,每个项目的补贴额度将从5万美元到100万美元不等,旨在覆盖开发成本。对于上述两种解决方案,成功的团队也将会在解决方案被实施到以太坊主网络时获得帮助。

除了以太坊开发者正在执行的研究之外,以太坊基金会正在寻找第三方来调查扩容问题。

Buterin在博客中写道:

“欢迎开发者、公司、大学和学术团体的独立团队申请这些补贴计划;我们认识到不同类型的申请者可能需要不同的安排和流程,我们愿意灵活地适应各个团队的需求。”

The non-profit that oversees development of ethereum has officially unveiled two subsidy programs that will support research on how to grow the number of transactions its blockchain can process.

In a blog post published Tuesday, ethereum creator Vitalik Buterin described how the network is beginning to reach 1 million transactions per day. In his view, scaling the network is "the single most important key technical challenge" that developers need to work on before blockchain applications can be widely used.

As such, the subsidy programs are being launched to incentivize developers to implement two proposed solutions for scaling: sharding and layer-two protocols that would be built on top of the blockchain today.

Sharding is a process that requires only a few nodes on the blockchain to verify a transaction, instead of having every node do so. Currently, ether's developers are finishing the specifications for their sharding protocol, and are looking for teams to build implementations and launch them on ethereum’s testnet.

Layer-two protocols, on the other hand, take a different approach by taking transactions off the main ethereum blockchain. The network would allow transactions to move on and off the blockchain in order to be processed, but would not be used to actually process the transactions.

According to the blog post, the subsidies for each program will range from $50,000 to $1 million and are intended to cover development costs. For both solutions, successful teams will also have a hand in implementing the protocols on ethereum’s mainnet as a next phase.

In addition to the research ethereum’s developers are performing, the foundation is looking for third parties to look into the scaling issues.

In his post, Buterin wrote:

"Independent teams of developers, companies and university and academic groups are all welcome to apply; we recognize that different types of applicants may require different formats and processes and we are willing to be flexible to accommodate individual teams’ needs.”


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