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印度全民身份信息遭泄露,售价仅8美元?

其他国际资讯

印度全民身份信息遭泄露,售价仅8美元?

近日,印度《论坛报》(Tribune)称已经“成功”购买到了Aadhaar数据库的登录许可,并可依此获取数百万印度公民的姓名、电话号码和家庭住址等信息。据了解,这个登录许可是从WhatsApp社交媒体集团的某个员工手中获得的,价格居然只有500卢比(7.89美元)。

本周四,印度官方开始对这一事件展开专门调查。

印度唯一身份识别权威机构(UIDAI)运行着世界上最大的生物身份证计划,覆盖人数超过10亿,除去基本信息外,数据库中还存有被记录者的指纹和虹膜等生物信息。

UIDAI表示,已经提请警方对出售登录许可的人员进行调查。不过,目前包括生物信息在内的各种信息仍然是完全安全的。如果没有生物信息,人口统计基本信息也不会遭到误用。比如在没有指纹和虹膜等生物信息的情况下,银行是不会进行授权操作的,相关欺诈风险也就不存在了。

但是这次事件仍然引发了人们的数据安全的担忧。

目前,印度最高法院正在举行听证会,以决定总理纳伦德拉·莫迪(Narendra Modi)领导的行政机构在将Aadhaar与私人、公共服务联系在一起的决策是否侵犯了个人的隐私权。

就在上个月,印度最高法院叫停了电信公司Bharti Airtel及其Airtel支付银行使用Aadhaar信息验证客户身份的行为,因为有证据显示该设施被滥用在其支付平台上开设账户。

India on Thursday began investigating a report that access to its database of the identity details of more than 1 billion citizens was being sold for just $8 on social media, in what could be one of the giant program’s biggest security breaches.

The Tribune newspaper said it had been able to buy login credentials to the Aadhaar database, allowing it to acquire information such as the names, telephone numbers and home addresses of millions of people.

The paper said it bought access for as little as 500 rupees ($7.89) from someone on a WhatsApp social media group.

The “case appears to be an instance of misuse,” said the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), which runs the biometric identity card scheme, the world’s largest.

The agency said it had initiated a police complaint against the people responsible for selling the access, but did not identify them.

Crucial data, “including biometric information, is fully safe and secure,” the agency said in a statement. The database incorporates fingerprints and iris scans, besides basic information details.

“Mere display of demographic information can’t be misused without biometrics,” it added, ruling out financial fraud, saying access to bank accounts required further authentication that involved fingerprint and iris scans.

But the breach is the latest in a program facing increasing scrutiny over privacy concerns and is likely to prompt further questions about data safety.

India’s Supreme Court is holding hearings to decide if a drive by the administration of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to link Aadhaar to private and public services infringes the privacy rights of individuals.

“The perils of making Aadhaar mandatory and linking it to bank accounts, as insisted upon by the Modi government, are visible here,” Sitaram Yechury, a leader of the communist party, said in a Twitter post.

“Do we need more proof to stop this madness?”

Last month, the agency barred telecoms firm Bharti Airtel and its Airtel Payments Bank from using Aadhaar details to verify customers’ identities, because the facility was being misused to open accounts on its payment platform.


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