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区块链国际资讯

看看这19家企业和组织如何利用区块链革新数据存储与传输?

区块链国际资讯

看看这19家企业和组织如何利用区块链革新数据存储与传输?

数字化、安全、防篡改的区块链账本将颠覆我们所熟知的数据库形式。目前,仍然有许多公司仍然在使用传真、手写和分布在不同国家与承包商间的独立数据库,这样繁复的数据结构亟需改变。比如,许多大型企业和国家、地方政府已经开始了行动。

1. 微软参与ID2020 Alliance

微软支持的是一项名为ID2020 Alliance的公共私营合作项目,该项目旨在解决大量人员缺少身份文件的问题,帮助世界上11亿没有正式合法身份形式的人们。

该项目以微软的Azure云端为基础,通过与Accenture和Avanade合作建立的一个基于区块链的身份测试模型运行。

2. 高盛成立加密货币交易平台

据媒体报告,高盛目前正在纽约搭建一个加密货币交易平台,最晚将于2018年6月开始运行。

此外,高盛还考虑开展加密货币存管业务。此前,该公司CEO Lloyd Blankfein在推特上就曾发文表示:"仍在考虑比特币事宜,目前尚无定论。不过当初纸币代替黄金时,人们也曾像现在这样表示过怀疑。”

3. 矿业巨头必和必拓利用区块链管理合同和分析

在Blockapps和Consensys的帮助下,世界最大采矿公司必和必拓将使用区块链记录矿井石块与液体样本变化,以便更好获得动态数据。

此前,必和必拓在挖矿过程中始终依靠第三方承包商,聘请各地地理学家和货运公司采集样本并进行分析。

未来,必和必拓将要求其承包商使用其基于以太坊的系统,并将内部资料存储于InterPlanetary File System上,后者是一个经常在区块链项目中使用的P2P文件储存协议。

4. 马士基与Hyperledger创立合资企业

该合资企业总部在纽约,尚未正式命名。公司旨在帮助货运商、港口、海关办公室、银行和其他全球供应链参与方追踪货物信息,用防篡改的数字记录代替相关纸质档案。

运输供应链充斥着中间人相互转手的纸质档案,丢失或者延误就会导致易腐烂货物放坏。融合区块链将大力提高全球交易效率,因为海洋运输占世界货物贸易的90%。

9月,马士基还曾与区块链创企GuardTime展开合作,与微软、EY、保险公司ACORD、Willis Towers Waston、MS Amlin和XL Catlin共同创设了海事保险区块链平台。

5. UPS,Fedex和BNSF Railway加入Bita Alliance

UPS、Fedex、BNSF Railway(Berkshire Hathaway控股)和Schneider Trucking等200多家耳熟能详的公司组成联盟,探索区块链科技在货运行业的应用。该联盟旨在聚集货运界公司并发展标准框架,同时测试区块链应用。

6. PetroTeq为Pemex(首家接受加密货币的石油公司)创建分布式账本

墨西哥国有公司Pemex将帮助石油天然气科技公司Petroteq开发能源行业供应链管理软件。

Pemex是首家接受加密货币作为支付形式的石油公司,该公司拥有10万名员工,供应商和业务运营网络复杂。

PetroBlOQ是一个企业级区块链平台,未来将有帮助石油天然气公司执行全球交易。

7. 瑞士联合银行(UBS)、巴克莱、瑞士信贷等在以太坊上测试合规平台

近日,瑞银集团领先开展了一项测试,旨在将2018年生效的MiFID II/MiFIR规定要求实现全面自动化运行。该项目以私人以太坊区块链为基础,参与银行将可以匿名对照检索法律实体标识符(LEI)数据。

银行界也在实验用区块链简化后勤部门功能和流程,有些业内人士认为这可以节省高达200亿美元的中间成本。

8. 沃尔玛、Tyson、联合利华、雀巢、克罗格、Dole、Mccormick等品牌联合测试区块链项目

2017年8月,沃尔玛、克罗格、雀巢和联合利华等与IBM合作,使用区块链改进供应链追踪以提高食品安全。

沃尔玛自2016年以来一直与IBM合作,并表示后者帮助其减少了追踪芒果货物信息时间(从7天降至2.2秒)。

另九大食品供应商加入IBM项目后,不善合作的食品行业在面对食品召回时可能也能更加团结。

9. 联合国探索分布式账本技术和区块链,旨在服务人道援助和气候科学

联合国气候变化联盟正在探索分布式账本技术改善其气候变化倡议的潜力。目前,该联盟旨在建立一个气候数据、排放数据和碳交易数据的透明系统。

分布式账本可以保证气候数据不受政治变化干扰。去年,新任美国环境保护署署长上任,许多美国科学家担心联邦研究图书馆将关闭,他们的数据将被篡改或删除。

联合国此前开发了一个使用以太坊区块链为叙利亚难民提供人道援助的项目。世界粮食计划署利用区块链来分发基于以太坊的粮食券,接收方拿券可以在市场购买食物。

10. Tepco投资并与Electron合作

英国公司Electron最近收到了Tepco(日本最大公用事业单位)投资。目前,能源行业平衡、结算和注册使用不同的基础设施。Electron希望能够鼓励该行业将这些功能移至共享的区块链上。

Electron可以为能源公司保存关于资产和交易记录,前者的测量服务也适用其他公用事业如电信和水务。

11. 伊利诺伊州政府试验执照账本

伊利诺伊金融和职业管理部门职能之一是医师执照,他们正在与Hashed Health探索一减少内部复杂性的试验项目。

该项目旨在电子化医疗资质数据和智能合同来管理州内和跨洲执业医师流动。

12. 巴西政府uPort实验

巴西计划、预算和管理局正试验一区块链身份应用项目,使用ConsenSys建立的自主ID平台uPort。

13. Evernym与国土安全部和伊利诺伊政府合作

盐湖城公司Evernym去年收到国土安全部小型公司项目拨款79.4万美元 ,同时它也与伊利诺伊政府合作试验一出生证明登记系统。

Blockchains and distributed ledgers are being piloted by organizations from Walmart to Goldman Sachs to Maersk. We take a look at how the technology will be implemented. We also look at how a few governments and non-profits are using the tech.

Digitized, secure, and tamper-proof blockchain ledgers are promising to disrupt the database as we know it.

Many corporations still work using a web of fax machines, handwriting, and siloed databases spread across disparate countries and contractors. The resulting complexity is ripe for disruption, and corporate giants are betting that decentralized systems can help.

We previously analyzed the 35+ industries where burgeoning blockchain startups are looking to make an impact. Here we look at the pilots being implemented by big corporations, governments, and organizations.

1. MICROSOFT IS PARTNERING WITH ID2020 ALLIANCE

Microsoft has voiced support for the ID2020 Alliance, a public-private partnership designed to solve the widespread lack of identity documentation. The partnership’s mission is to aid the 1.1B people around the world without legal forms of ID.

To that end, the software giant is collaborating with Accenture and Avanade on a blockchain-based identity prototype that uses Microsoft Azure.

2. GOLDMAN SACHS IS SETTING UP A CRYPTOCURRENCY TRADING DESK

Goldman Sachs is reportedly setting up a cryptocurrency trading desk in New York that will be running by the end of June 2018, if not earlier.

The bank also mentioned it is considering securing the custody of the coins. CEO Lloyd Blankfein previously tweeted, “Still thinking about #Bitcoin. No conclusion — not endorsing/rejecting. Know that folks also were skeptical when paper money displaced gold.”

3. MINING GIANT BHP BILLITON IS IMPLEMENTING A BLOCKCHAIN TO MANAGE CONTRACT WORK AND ANALYSIS

With the help of Blockapps and Consensys, the world’s largest mining company BHP Billiton will use blockchain to record the movements of wellbore rock and fluid samples, and better secure real-time data.

BHP relies on outside vendors throughout the mining process, contracting with geologists and shipping companies across continents to collect samples and conduct analyses.

BHP will insist its contractors contribute to its Ethereum-based system and host its internal files on the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS), a peer-to-peer file storing protocol that is frequently used with blockchain projects.

4. MAERSK IS TEAMING UP WITH HYPERLEDGER FOR A JOINT VENTURE

Yet to be named, the NYC-based joint venture will aim to help shippers, ports, customs offices, banks, and other stakeholders in global supply chains track freight and replace related paperwork with tamper-resistant digital records.

Shipping supply chains are bogged down by paperwork shuffled between middlemen. Documentation, when lost or delayed, causes perishable goods to spoil. Blockchain integration could have a further-reaching effect on global trade efficiency, since maritime logistics companies help transport 90% of globally traded goods.

In September, Maersk also partnered with blockchain startup GuardTime, which worked with Microsoft and EY, and insurance companies ACORD, Willis Towers Watson, MS Amlin, and XL Catlin to launch a marine insurance blockchain platform.

5. UPS, FEDEX, AND BNSF RAILWAY JOIN BITA ALLIANCE

UPS, FedEx, BNSF Railway (owned by Berkshire Hathaway), and Schneider Trucking are just a few of the 200+ big names in an alliance exploring blockchain technologies in freight transport.

The consortium aims to bring together companies in the freight industry and develop a standards framework while testing out blockchain applications.

6. PETROTEQ CREATES DISTRUBTED LEDGER FOR PEMEX (THE FIRST PETROLEUM COMPANY TO ACCEPT CRYPTO)

Pemex, the Mexican state-owned proleum company, will assist oil & gas tech company Petroteq in developing an industry-specific supply chain management (SCM) software.

Pemex made headlines as the first petroleum company to accept cryptocurrency as a form of payment. It also employs 100,000 people and has a complicated web of suppliers and business operations.

The Petroteq project — an enterprise-grade, blockchain-based platform called PetroBLOQ — will enable oil and gas companies to conduct global transactions.

7. UBS, BARCLAYS, CREDIT SUISSE, AND OTHERS ARE PILOTING COMPLIANCE PLATFORM ON ETHEREUM

Swiss bank UBS is leading a pilot that aims to automate regulatory requirments for the MiFID II/MiFIR rules that take effect in 2018.

Built on a private Ethereum blockchain, the participating banks will be able to anonymously cross-reference Legal Entity Identifier (LEI) data.

Member banks will be able to quality-check their data on legal entities and better comply with the new rules.

Banks have also been experimenting with blockchain as a way to expedite back office functions and settlement, which some in the industry say could cut up to $20B in middleman costs.

8. WALMART, TYSON, UNILEVER, NESTLE, KROGER, DOLE, MCCORMICK, AND OTHERS BAND TOGETHER FOR BLOCKCHAIN PILOT

In August 2017, Walmart, Kroger, Nestle, and Unilever, among others, partnered with IBM to use blockchain to improve food safety through enhanced supply chain tracking.

Walmart has been working with IBM since 2016, and said it helped reduce the time to track mango shipments from 7 days to 2.2 seconds.

With 9 other big food suppliers joining the IBM project, the food industry — where collaboration is rare — could also be better aligned for safety recalls.

Kroger’s head of food safety Howard Popoola told Reuters, “This is an opportunity for us to speak with one voice and say to the world that food safety is not going to be a competitive issue.”

9.THE UNITED NATIONS EXPLORES DLTS AND BLOCKCHAINS FOR HUMANITARIAN AID AND CLIMATE SCIENCE

The UN’s Climate Change Coalition is researching how distributed ledger technology (DLT) could improve its climate change initiatives. Presently, the coalition is aiming to create a transparent system for climate data, emissions data, and how carbon is being traded.

A distributed ledger could insulate climate data from political volatility. Last year, many U.S. scientists worried federal research libraries would be shuttered and their data altered or deleted with the new EPA head.

The U.N. previously developed a project using the ethereum blockchain that sent humanitarian aid to Syrian refugees. The World Food Programme used the blockchain to distribute ethereum-based food vouchers that could be redeemed at markets.

10. TEPCO INVESTED AND PARTNERED WITH ELECTRON

UK-based Electron recently saw investment from TEPCO, Japan’s largest utility provider. Currently, the energy industry uses disparate infrastructure for balancing, settlement, and registration. Electron hopes to encourage the industry to shift these functions to shared blockchains.

Electron could serve as the record-keeper where energy providers go to get information on assets and record transactional changes. Its metering service could also be deployed to other utilities including telecom and water.

11. ILLINOIS GOVERNMENT PILOTING LEDGERS FOR LICENSING

The Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation (IDFPR), which manages physician licensing, is exploring a pilot with Hashed Health to reduce internal complexity.

The project aims to digitize medical credential data and smart contracts to automate workflow related to multistate and interstate licensure in Illinois.

12. BRAZILIAN GOVERNMENT IS EXPERIMENTING WITH UPORT

Brazil’s Ministry of Planning, Budget, and Management is piloting a blockchain identity application using uPort, a self-sovereign ID platform built by ConsenSys.

The ethereum-based identity platform will allow users to manage their own profiles and the Ministry will be able to better determine the legitimacy of personal documents.

13. EVERNYM IS WORKING WITH DEPARTMENT HOMELAND SECURITY AND ILLINOIS GOVERNMENT

Salt Lake City-based Evernym was given a grant for $794,000 last year by Homeland Security’s small business program, and also is working with the Illinois Government’s Blockchain Initiative to pilot a birth certificate registration system.


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