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“以牙还牙”:IMF总裁呼吁用区块链监管比特币

IMF总裁克里斯蒂娜·拉加德(Christine Lagarde)本周二发表文章表示,她认为监管部门可以通过区块链或其它分布式账本技术(DLT)来监管比特币等加密货币,以防止其被用于洗钱及其它金融犯罪活动。

加密资产——或者说某些人口中的加密货币——其具有吸引力的原因同时也是造成其危险性的原因。这些数字产品以去中心化的方式存在,不需要央行。这就赋予了加密资产交易匿名性的特点,和现金交易类似。

拉加德还在这篇题为《解决加密货币世界的阴暗面》中提到,她认为全球金融监管部门你可以通过DLT和其它数字技术进行无缝沟通,创建用户信息和数字签名记录,且与生物信息相关联。

早前,拉加德曾表示加密货币监管是“不可避免的”,并多次将这项技术与非法活动联系在一起。

尽管是出于反恐怖主义以及打击非法活动的目的,但拉加德提出的DLT监控平台很可能引发“反乌托邦现象”,即政府不仅仅通过DLT追踪资金走向,还会监控民众。

但是拉加德认为:

就像我之前所说的那样,忽视加密资产是不明智的;我们必须在接受其潜力的同时意识到风险的存在。通过共同合作,并利用这项技术造福大众,我们将在接纳加密资产潜力的同时确保其不会被用于非法活动或成为破坏金融稳定性的因素。

与此同时,越来越多监管部门开始呼吁就加密货币监管达成全球范围内的合作。本周二,日本呼吁G20成员国在即将到来的金融峰会中讨论有关加密货币监管的问题。

The head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) wants to start a blockchain arms race.

Christine Lagarde, the IMF’s managing director, wrote in a Tuesday blog post that she believes regulators can use blockchain or other distributed ledger technologies (DLT) to regulate Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies and prevent them from being used in connection with money laundering and other financial crimes.

“The same reason crypto-assets—or what some people call crypto-currencies—are so appealing is also what makes them dangerous,” Lagarde wrote. “These digital offerings are typically built in a decentralized way and without the need for a central bank. This gives crypto-asset transactions an element of anonymity, much like cash transactions.”

Elsewhere in the post, which bears the ominous title “Addressing the Dark Side of the Crypto World,” Lagarde explained that she believes DLT and other digital technologies can be used by financial regulators across the globe to “communicate seamlessly” and create registries of customer information and digital signatures that would be linked to biometric information.

“Indeed, the same innovations that power crypto-assets can also help us regulate them,” she said. “To put it another way, we can fight fire with fire.”

Previously, Lagarde has said that cryptocurrency regulation is “inevitable” and has harped on this technology’s associations with illicit activities.

But though marketed as a way to combat terrorism and other nefarious activities, it’s easy — as Motherboard noted in its coverage of the proposal — to see Lagarde’s vision for a DLT-based surveillance platform leading to a “dystopian scenario” in which governments use DLT to track not only the movement of money but also people.

“As I have said before, it would not be wise to dismiss crypto-assets; we must welcome their potential but also recognize their risks,” Lagarde concluded. “By working together, and leveraging technology for the public good, we can harness the potential of crypto-assets while ensuring that they never become a haven for illegal activity or a source of financial vulnerability.”

Meanwhile, a growing number of regulators are calling for international coordination on cryptocurrency regulation. On Tuesday, Japan became the latest country to announce that it will formally call for G20 members to discuss international cryptocurrency regulations at the group’s upcoming finance summit.


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