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澳大利亚加密货币监管法规正式生效

澳大利亚的加密货币交易所现在必须遵守旨在反洗钱(AML)和打击恐怖主义融资(CTF)的新规则。

为及时提醒加密货币领域的交易平台,澳大利亚金融情报机构刚刚在网站上发布了一份新公告,宣布将从4月3日起实施新规。

今后,交易所必须履行新的条款包括:向Austrac进行注册,采用并维护AML/CTF程序,识别及认证用户,以及报告涉及法定货币1万澳元(合7,700美元)及以上的可疑行为和交易。且交易记录须保存七年。

Austrac在公告中宣称,如果交易所在没有注册的情况下提供交易服务,将面临刑事指控和处罚。

“‘政策原则’期限为6个月,自2018年4月3日起实施。在这段时间里,如果加密货币交易所没有采取‘合理的举措’以遵守条款,AUSTRAC的首席执行官将采取强制措施。”

此外,如果交易所的注册申请处于审核当中,将考虑通过过渡期的方式允许现有公司继续提供服务,但他们必须在5月14日前进行注册。

为了打击非法使用加密货币,澳大利亚参议院于2017年12月初通过了反洗钱和反恐融资修正案草案并首次宣布制定新规。该法案同时赋予Austrac监管加密货币的交易的权力。

该法案是澳大利亚去年通过的第二项引起关注的法案。另一项法案于2017年10月通过,结束了长期存在争议的加密货币“双重征税”问题。此前,在购买加密货币时首先会被征税,然后在购买适应税收的物品时会再次有效征税。这种情况源于2014年的一项法律,该法律将加密货币视为易货商品征收商品和服务税 (GST)。

随着该法案的通过,自2018年7月1日起,比特币和其他加密货币在征收商品和服务税方面将享受和其它外国货币一样的待遇。

Australia's cryptocurrency exchanges must now follow new rules aimed to counter money laundering and terrorism financing (AML/CTF).

Providing a timely reminder to exchange platforms in the crypto space, Austrac, the country's financial intelligence agency, has just published a new web page setting out their new obligations as of April 3.

Going forward, exchanges must meet new obligations, which include: registering with the agency, adopting and maintaining an AML/CTF program, identifying and verifying users, and

reporting suspicious behaviour and transactions involving fiat currency of A$10,000 (US$7,700) and over. They must also maintain records for seven years.

While offering exchange services without being registered can now bring criminal charges and penalties, Austrac says in the post:

"A 'policy principles' period of six months will be in place from 3 April 2018. During that period, the AUSTRAC CEO can only take enforcement action if [a cryptocurrency exchange] fails to take 'reasonable steps' to comply."

And, while exchanges' registration applications are being considered, a transitional arrangement will allow existing firms to continue providing services, however they must to register by May 14.

Aimed to counter illicit uses of cryptocurrencies, the new regulations were first set in law when the Australian Senate approved the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorism Financing Amendment Bill 2017 in early December 2017. The bill also gave Austrac oversight of cryptocurrency exchanges.

That bill was the second notable piece of legislation to be passed in Australian last year. Another bill, passed in October 2017, ended the long-controversial "double taxation" of cryptocurrencies. Previously, cryptos were taxed first upon purchase, then effectively again when buying items subject to the tax - a situation that arose from a previous 2014 law that treated cryptocurrencies as bartered goods for goods and services tax (GST) purposes.

With the passing of the bill, as of July 1, 2018, bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies will get the same GST treatment as foreign currencies.


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