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加密货币交易所Coinbase欲转型成为券商

据《华尔街日报》报道称,加密货币交易所Coinbase已经联系了美国证券交易委员会(SEC),希望能够注册成为持牌券商和电子交易平台。

在美国证券交易委员会注册之后,Coinbase平台上所交易的加密货币将会被认定为有价证券,继而给其竞争对手带来更多压力。

目前,Coinbase拒绝就此事发表评论。

另一方面,美国证券交易委员会也还没有确定哪些加密货币能够被视为有价证券。在出台更具体的指导方针之前,美国证券交易委员会建议潜在投资者遵循1946年最高法院设定的荷威测试(Howey Test)检测方法,来判断非常规金融工具是否与股票和证券具备相同的监管措施。

事实上,加密货币行业本身一直对金融监管机构持怀疑态度,但又不是完全敌对。Coinbase希望成为加密货币领域里的谷歌,他们现在已经把目光放在了比特币、以太币、莱特币和比特币现金者四种上市加密货币之外。

值得一提的是,Coinbase似乎非常乐意与监管机构建立良好关系。去年,美国国税局要求他们提供客户信息,在经过了简单抗争之后,Coinbase提供了2013-2015年期间交易额超过20,000美元的客户信息,总计超过1.4万人。

Cryptocurrency trading firm Coinbase has entered into talks with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission about registering as a licensed broker-dealer firm and electronic trading venue, The Wall Street Journal reported on Friday, April 6, 2018.

The move comes just as U.S. regulators have begun clarifying their stance on virtual currencies. Testifying before the Senate on February 6, 2018, SEC chairman Jay Clayton made it clear that he considered all initial coin offering ( ICO ) tokens to be securities.

While it is likely that regulatory laws surrounding ICOs will only be settled in court (perhaps even the Supreme Court), if ICO tokens are legally classified as securities, any exchange that wants to list those tokens needs to either register as a national securities exchange or operate under an exemption and set itself up as an alternative trading system (ATS).

As the SEC spelled out in its statement on March 7, 2018, any entity that wants to become an ATS needs to register with the SEC as a broker-dealer and become a member of a self-regulating organization (SRO), such as the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA). "An ATS must comply with the federal securities laws and its SRO's rules and file a Form ATS with the SEC," the statement reads.

In a possible lead-up to its plans on becoming an ATS, on March 26, 2018, San Francisco-based Coinbase announced it was adding support for ERC20 into all its trading platforms. ERC20 is the Ethereum technical standard that the majority of ICO tokens are based on. "This paves the way for supporting ERC20 assets across Coinbase products in the future, though we aren't announcing support for any specific assets or features at this time," Coinbase said in a blog post.


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