美国NASA将利用区块链技术探索深空 - 互联网金融门户 未央网

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美国NASA将利用区块链技术探索深空

美国国家航空航天局(NASA)正在资助和经营一个研究项目,并考虑利用以太坊区块链的智能合约技术让航天器实现机器自动化,同时避免空间碎片。该项目将使用区块链技术来加强和提高空间通信和导航的效率和安全性,这也是有可能对深空探测产生重大影响的开发项目之一。

这个名为“弹性网络和计算”的研究项目将由阿克伦大学(UA)电气与计算机工程助理教授Jin Wei Kocsis博士领导。UA公布的一份声明表示,基于以太坊的智能合约将有助于航天器“自行思考”,以检测和避免浮空碎片,这些碎片在发生碰撞时,可能会对航天器造成严重损坏。

Kocsis博士补充说:“这个项目将使用以太坊区块链技术来开发分布式的、安全并具有认知能力的网络和计算基础设施来进行深空探测。我们后续将进一步探讨区块链共识协议,以提高基础设施的弹性。”Kocsis博士希望分布式架构能帮助航天器的数据收集和其他任务实现自动化,从而使科学家们能够把精力放在分析数据上,而不用花时间研究深空探测器的飞行路径来预测环境危害。

目前研究项目正在考虑的以太坊区块链(公有或私有)的细节仍然很少。据NASA格伦研究中心的通信项目经理Thomas Kacpura称,这个运用分布式技术的研究项目将能够“以安全的方式将NASA的空间网络节点进行分散处理”并可能会引领“下一代空间网络”的产生,这意味着将出现更具响应性和弹性的可扩展网络,并且也可以整合到当今的网络中。

A research project funded and co-run by NASA is looking to leverage the Ethereum blockchain’s smart contracts technology to automate spacecraft maneuvering while avoiding space debris.

In developments that could potentially have significant implications for deep space probes, NASA is putting resources behind a research project that fundamentally envisions the use of blockchain technology to enhance and make space communications and navigation more efficient and safer.

The research project, named the ‘Resilient Networking and Computing Paradigm’, will be lead by Dr. Jin Wei Kocsis, assistant professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Akron (UA).

The recipient of a three-year $330,000 grant, Kocsis will look to develop a cognitive architecture wherein spacecraft will no longer need to rely on crucial information from scientists on earth.

Instead, Ethereum-based smart contracts will help spacecraft ‘think on their own’ to detect and evade floating space debris that could prove significantly damaging in the event of a collision, an announcement from UA explains.

Dr. Kocsis added:

In this project, the Ethereum blockchain technology will be exploited to develop a decentralized, secure, and cognitive networking and computing infrastructure for deep space exploration. The blockchain consensus protocols will be further explored to improve the resilience of the infrastructure.

Kocsis hopes to see the decentralized architecture help the spacecraft also automate data gathering alongside other tasks, freeing up scientists back on earth to analyze the data rather than spending time poring over calculations of flight paths of deep space probes to anticipate environmental hazards.

“I hope to develop technology that can recognize environmental threats and avoid them, as well as complete a number of tasks automatically,” she added.

Details remain slim on the kind of Ethereum blockchain – public or private- being considered for the research project.

Still, the application of decentralized technology could lead to “next generation space networks”, according to NASA’s advanced communications program manager Thomas Kacpura at the Glenn Research Center. The research project could lead to “decentralized processing among NASA’s space network nodes in a secure fashion”, meaning a more responsive and resilient network that’s scalable which can also integrate today’s networks, the NASA official added.


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