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区块链国际资讯

中心化企业的去中心化之路:微软和亚马逊等科技巨头纷纷进军区块链

区块链国际资讯

中心化企业的去中心化之路:微软和亚马逊等科技巨头纷纷进军区块链

比特币以及数字现金的想法已经成功吸引了银行业的注意,银行和金融机构纷纷开始在内部试验区块链和加密货币,力图跟上技术前沿。

加上政府组织乃至全球性机构(如G20)都开始寻求监管加密货币,这再次赋予了该行业合法性和生命力。

最新的区块链技术应用浪潮起自各领域因中心化管理而成功的公司。如计算机领域传奇地推动了世界数字化的微软;及电子商务的先驱亚马逊。这些公司某种程度上被迫发展区块链技术,因为显然这是未来,即使它违背了他们的中心化价值观,他们也不能错过。

微软入场

微软一直是接受比特币支付的大公司之一。早在2014年12月,Windows和Xbox商店的内容就可以使用比特币购买,而这正是比特币主流接纳度和吸引力最小的时候。

当然,这只是对这一替代支付方式的认可,说明微软能够灵活满足客户的需求。然而自那时以来,随着区块链技术的发展,微软一直在努力走在创新队伍的前面。

微软显然已经发现了区块链技术的强大力量以及它在企业业务领域的颠覆性应用潜力。该公司现在正在开发区块链应用程序————虽不像初创公司提出的那些解决方案华丽,但同样实用。

微软也在试图构建让企业可以在其上开发区块链应用程序的平台,例如可信联盟框架(Coco,Confidential Consortium Framework),这是一个基于以太坊的协议,由微软云计算部门Azure发布。

他们还宣布,他们正在计划将基于区块链的去中心化ID(DIDs,decentralized IDs)整合到其微软身份验证器(Microsoft Authenticator)应用中。

来自该计算机巨头的最新消息是,其云计算部门Azure在5月7日发布了区块链应用创建服务Azure Blockchain Workbench。该服务目的是为了让希望创建定制区块链应用的企业能通过自动化基础架构设置来加速开发流程。

亚马逊也在发力

亚马逊的创始人杰夫·贝佐斯与微软的创始人比尔·盖茨都有着类似的出身,他们都是具有革命性思想的人。因此,看到这两家公司走在新技术浪潮的前沿并不令人惊讶。

比如,亚马逊已经与IBM和甲骨文展开了一场“区块链即服务”的较量。以太坊和Hyperledger Fabric的区块链框架允许用户构建和管理基于区块链技术的去中心化应用程序,这三个框架正以不同形式发展着。

实质上,用户可以通过亚马逊云计算服务(AWS)的CloudFormation模板工具创建自己的区块链应用程序,从而避免耗时的手动设置。

甲骨文等公司也进入该领域

全球第二大软件公司甲骨文(Oracle)最近也推出了区块链产品,并将在未来两个月内发布。它是一个构建在Hyperledger Fabric开源项目上的云服务,类似微软和IBM一年前所推出的云服务。

其余各大公司也纷纷加入了区块链技术研发行列。如华为的商店上架了比特币钱包; 三星透露将利用区块链技术来管理其全球供应链; 西班牙银行集团BBVA成为第一家在区块链上发行贷款的全球性银行,且其用例在全球范围内持续增长着。

Bitcoin, and the idea of digital cash, has taken hold of the banking sector as banks and financial institutions start to experiment internally with blockchains and cryptocurrencies in order to be at the forefront of these technologies.

This, coupled with the fact that government organisations and even global leadership bodies such as the G20 are looking to regulate cryptocurrencies, again give more legitimacy and longevity to the industry.

The latest wave of adoption is now coming from corporations who, traditionally have come to be successful thanks to their centralized domination over different aspects of the market. Microsoft, in the world of computing, are legendary in driving the world to be digital; then there is Amazon, the pioneers of e-commerce.

These companies are in some manner getting forced towards blockchain technology as it has become apparent that this is the future, and even though it goes against their centralized values, they simply cannot miss out.

Microsoft’s entry

Microsoft has always been one of the biggest companies to give Bitcoin its dues. Back in Dec. 2014, content on the Windows and Xbox stores could be bought in Bitcoin, and this was at a time where Bitcoin’s mainstream adoption and appeal was minimal.

This of course was merely a nod towards alternative payment methods, and Microsoft being flexible to its customers wants and needs. However since then, and since blockchain has grown, Microsoft has been pushing to be in front of the innovative queue.

Microsoft has obviously identified the power of blockchain and its far reaching potential for disruptive applications in the world of enterprise business. The company is now developing blockchain applications - which are not that flashy as some of the solutions put forward by startups, but equally practical.

Microsoft is also looking to build platforms on which businesses can grow their blockchain applications upon, such as the Confidential Consortium (Coco) Framework, an Ethereum-based protocol, which falls under Microsoft Azure, the company’s cloud computing arm.

They have also announced that they are looking into plans to integrate blockchain-based decentralized IDs (DIDs) into its Microsoft Authenticator app.

The latest from the computing giant is that Azure has released its blockchain app creation service, Azure Blockchain Workbench, on May 7. Workbench aims to allow businesses looking to create bespoke blockchain apps to speed up the development process by automating infrastructure setup.

Amazon’s own efforts

Both Microsoft and Amazon have similar origins with their founders - Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos - being driven men with revolutionary ideas. Therefore it is unsurprising to see these two companies pushing to be on the forefront of a new technological wave.

Gates may be spouting some pretty negative things about Bitcoin, and Bezos may be under siege to accept the digital currency on Amazon, but despite what the two founders think of the cryptocurrency space, it is becoming clear that the future is conquering the companies.

Amazon revolutionized the e-commerce space, and is looking to at least be near to top of the pecking order when blockchain technology truly takes a hold. Just like in banking, there is a rush to get blockchain figured out and usable before the rest of the competition gets to market.

Amazon are already in a battle with IBM and Oracle with its own “blockchain-as-a-service” offering. The blockchain framework for Ethereum and Hyperledger Fabric, which is allowing users to build and manage their own Blockchain-powered decentralized applications, is being developed in different forms by all three.

Essentially, users would be able to create their own blockchain applications via the Amazon Web Services (AWS) CloudFormation Templates tool to avoid time-consuming manual setups of their blockchain network.

Oracle and others also entering the space

Oracle, the world’s second-largest software company, also recently unveiled blockchain products, and will be releasing them over the next two months. Again, it was a similar cloud service built on the open-source Hyperledger Fabric project like Microsoft, and equally similar to IBM’s blockchain service, announced a year ago.

Major companies are also jumping on the blockchain bandwagon in different easy, shapes and forms. Huawei is loading its phones with a built-in Bitcoin wallet;  Samsung revealed that it will use blockchain for managing its global supply chain; Spanish banking group BBVA became the first global bank to issue a loan on a blockchain, and use-cases continue to grow around the world.


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