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区块链国际资讯

联合国:提升供应链效率上,区块链大有潜力

联合国一下属机构正在研究区块链和智能合同的技术潜力,以进一步确定它们在进全球贸易中能发挥的作用。

为此,联合国贸易便利化和电子业务中心(UN / CEFACT)近日发表了一份白皮书,对这一新兴技术进行研究,看它是否提高该机构、各类组织和企业的工作效率。

随着贸易便利化和供应链自动化标准的发展,这已成为UN / CEFACT的核心工作内容。该机构侧重于研究区块链领域的智能合同、电子公证和分布式进程协调等技术,而不是其在加密加密货币中的作用。为实现流程无纸化和填补供应链管理中的信任需求,该机构认为这项技术可能会有所作为。

该白皮书指出,在供应链行业中,许多类型的数据可以通过区块链实现有效传输,包括发票、保险单、提货单。并且,管理层的分布式分类账也可以存储许可证和声明等文件。

虽然该机构可以清晰地看到区块链技术的价值和用例,但也看到了问题所在。该白皮书写道:“区块链技术并不能解决互操作性问题。并且,不同的区块链技术在参与者应该信任的程度上也相差甚远。”

尽管区块链、物联网等其他技术可以提高供应链效率,但该白皮书建议,需要做更多的研究,以充分确定它们在改善贸易机制方面的潜力。

该白皮书的作者表示:“开发一种国际供应链的概念模型,在利益相关者、服务和标准的更广泛的领域显示每一种技术可发挥的作用。这可能很有实用性。”

该白皮书还建议,UN / CEFACT与各国专家合作组建工作小组,以开发新的区块链技术规范。

A United Nations body that facilitates global trade is examining blockchain and smart contracts to see if they could play a role in its mission.

To that end, the United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) has just published a white paper – now available for public review – that studies the nascent technology to see if it offers benefits that could impact its work or that of businesses and organizations.

With developing standards for trade facilitation and supply chain automation already a core part of its remit, UN/CEFACT focuses on the "smart contract, electronic notary and decentralised process coordination" features of blockchain, rather than its role in powering cryptocurrencies. It further eyes the tech as a possible means to further move away from traditional paper-based processes and also to remove the need for trust in systems such as those used to manage supply chains.

Within the supply chain industry, a number of types of data can be effectively transmitted over blockchains, according to the paper, including insurance, invoicing, consignment and shipping, and bills of lading. It adds that distributed ledgers run by regulators could also store permits and declarations.

While the organization can see "clear value and use cases" for blockchain technology, it sees issues too.

The paper reads:

"Blockchain technology does not solve the interoperability problem that UN/CEFACT standards have always supported. Also, different blockchains are far from equal in terms of the level of trust that participants should place in them."

However, the paper's authors also see a potential for the organization to help clarify this potential deluge of data, saying that there is "an opportunity for UN/CEFACT to leverage its existing semantic standards." While blockchain, as well as other technologies like IoT, can contribute to increased supply chain efficiency, the paper suggests that more work is needed to fully ascertain their potential in facilitating trade mechanisms.

"It could be very useful to develop a conceptual model of the international supply chain that shows the role of each technology within the broader map of stakeholders, services, and standards," according to the authors.

Furthermore, the paper identifies gaps that the agency is "uniquely positioned to fill."

The authors go on to suggest that UN/CEFACT work with national delegations and experts and form working groups to develop new technical specifications around the technology.


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