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石油币Petro让委内瑞拉法币瞬间贬值96%

区块链国际资讯

石油币Petro让委内瑞拉法币瞬间贬值96%

上周,委内瑞拉总统马杜罗宣布该国法定货币玻利瓦尔与石油虚拟货币Petro之间新的单一汇率。根据新的指导方针,一个Petro将等于60美元,这意味着这个国家的货币实际上已经贬值了96%。这是政府将其经济命运与数字货币紧密联系在一起的第一起案例,并为一个遭受恶性通货膨胀蹂躏的国家提供了一条可能的出路。该计划于8月20日正式生效。

2018年1月,委内瑞拉政府公布了一条法令,概述了该国国家数字货币Petro的运行细节。法令详细说明了该国政府的新货币计划,包括发行、挖掘和交易。此外,Petro将获得50亿桶原油作为支撑。

据外媒6月份报道,委内瑞拉的石油币Petro尚未进入二级市场,因为该国并没有使用加密货币的先例。之前委内瑞拉总统马杜罗(Maduro)希望使用Petro购买日常用品的承诺也尚未兑现,与此同时,委内瑞拉全国有1.307亿石油币被用于各种项目。石油币的未来令人担忧。

在这个南美国家的政治和经济动荡中,委内瑞拉总统尼古拉斯·马杜罗最近在国家电视台的一次讲话中宣布了各种经济改革。

这位社会党领袖表示,他将把最低工资提高3%以上,提高企业税率,并在未来几周提高补贴汽油价格。

马杜罗还发表了另一项与该国的石油虚拟货币有关的重大声明。他说,现在一个Petro的价值是60美元,相当于360万委内瑞拉玻利瓦尔。

新汇率意味着1美元将等于600万玻利瓦尔,这一利率与黑市上的价格相当接近。然而,在马杜罗颁布法令的时候,该国央行汇率为每美元等于248,832玻利瓦尔,这意味着新的数字大致相当于贬值了96%。

一个资金短缺的国家

尽管马杜罗表示,新的经济举措是他帮助“国家复苏”的“准则”的一部分,但许多经济学家认为,这些计划只会给该国居民带来更多灾难。

专家表示,新举措只会侵蚀许多公民已经微薄的工资,并指出税收和最低工资的增加将导致许多企业经营更加挣扎。

恶性通货膨胀专家和约翰霍普金斯大学经济学教授史蒂夫·汉克向CNBC表示,对委内瑞拉的弊病来说,基于NEM区块链的石油币Petro可能不会是什么神奇的灵丹妙药。他说,

“这是典型的委内瑞拉式的烟镜行动——当我看到它的时候,我会相信它。Petro的问题是,这是一个骗局,甚至都没有交易。”

在过去的一段时间里,不断上升的通货膨胀率已经成为这个国家的一个现实,尤其在过去的几天里变得越来越严重。国际货币基金组织现在认为,委内瑞拉的通货膨胀率将在2018年达到百分之100万。

不断恶化的经济状况促使许多委内瑞拉公民移居到南美的其他国家,这引发了近年来最严重的移民危机。

在马杜罗宣布这一消息后,反对党领袖恩里克·卡普里莱斯在推特上写道:

没有一个委内瑞拉人应该遭受这样的悲剧,也不应该让这些无能的人毁灭我们的国家!

重心向Petro转移?

目前还不清楚委内瑞拉政府将如何实施他们的经济改革。许多专家认为,一个几乎没有现金的政府是没有什么希望的,它正面临美国的制裁,并且有拖欠债券持有人的黑历史。

委内瑞拉领导人一直试图将他们的信仰寄托在石油币Petro上以支撑玻利瓦尔。

马杜罗在7月表示,一种新的主权玻利瓦尔的流通和发行将于8月下旬开始发行,以创造一个“高效、多样化、可持续的经济模式”。

今年4月,委内瑞拉总统宣布,所有政府机构都必须接受Petro。

尽管马杜罗一直非常看好Petro项目,但自该项目首次宣布以来,它一直笼罩在争议之中。一些人将其视为绕过美国制裁的工具。其他人则对Petro这种虚拟货币的早期销售数据的准确性表示怀疑。

据推测,Petro是由该国丰富的石油资源作为支持的,但一些人认为,政府甚至可能无法完全控制该国的石油钻井作业。

On Friday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced a new single exchange rate for the bolivar that’s pegged to the Petro virtual currency. Under the new guidelines, one Petro would equal $60 dollars, which means the nation’s currency is essentially devalued by 96 percent. 

Amid immense political and economic turmoil in the South American nation, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro recently proclaimed a variety of economic overhauls during a speech broadcast on state television.

The socialist leader said he would boost the minimum wage by upwards of 3,000 percent, increase the corporate tax rate, and raise subsidized gas prices over the next few weeks.

Maduro also made another big announcement related to the nation’s Petro virtual currency. He said one Petro would now be worth $60 dollars and be equivalent to 360 million Venezuelan bolivars.

The new rate means one dollar will equal 6 million bolivars, which is a rate pretty close to what is seen on the black market. However, at the time of Maduro’s decree, the nation’s central bank exchange rate was 248,832 bolivars per dollar, meaning the new figure roughly represents a 96 percent devaluation.

A CASH-STRAPPED COUNTRY

While Maduro said the new economic initiatives are part of his “formula” to help “the country to recover,” many economists believe the plans will only lead to more disaster for the nation’s residents.

Experts said the new initiatives will only erode the already small salaries many citizens have and point out how tax and minimum wage increases will cause many businesses and companies to struggle even more.

Rising inflation rates have been a fact of life in the country for a while now, but have become increasingly acute in the last few days. The International Monetary Fund now believes inflation in Venezuela will hit 1 million percent in 2018.

Yesterday 1 bitcoin was worth 44 billion bolivars, now it's at 59 billion.$1 = 6.7 million bolivars yesterday, now it's at 9.2 million in less than 24 hours.

Gómez (@Codiox) August 18, 2018

Ever-worsening economic conditions have driven many citizens to emigrate to other nations across South America, sparking one of the worst migration crises in recent memory.

After Maduro’s announcement, opposition leader Henrique Capriles tweeted that:

No Venezuelan deserves to live this tragedy or that these incapable people destroy our nation!

A PIVOT TO PETRO?

It is not immediately clear how exactly the Venezuelan government will carry out their economic changes, assuming it even does so at all. Many experts see little hope in a government that has little cash, is facing U.S. sanctions and has a history of defaulting on bondholders.

Venezuelan leadership has been trying to place their faith in the Petro to shore up the bolivar.

Maduro said in July the circulation and issuance of a new Sovereign Bolivar will begin in late August in order to birth a “productive, diversified, and sustainable economic model.”

The Venezuelan President previously decreed in April that all government institutions were required to accept Petro.

Even though Maduro has been very bullish on the project, the Petro has been shrouded in controversy ever since it was first announced. Some see it as a tool to get around sanctions from the United States. Others are skeptical about the accuracy of early sales figures for the virtual currency.

The Petro is supposedly backed by the nation’s abundant oil resources, but some think the government might not even have total control over drilling operations in the country.


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