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乌克兰拟向加密货币相关利润征税5%

据Coindesk 9月18日报道,乌克兰议会或将对参与加密货币交易的居民征税。

立法者建议向个人和商业实体从加密货币相关活动获得的利润征税5%。根据该法案,这些利润也必须与其他形式的收入分开报告。

此外,如果该法案通过,商业实体的税率将从2024年1月1日起上升至18%。

该法案还建议将国家税收法典中的加密货币概念定义为“象征形式的虚拟资产,作为交换或价值储存的手段”,并将虚拟资产定义为“分布式账本上数字记录的一种形式”,可作为一种交易方法,账户单位或存储价值的方法。

值得注意的是,该法案解释了加密货币采矿指的是什么。

法案的附录中指出,乌克兰曾是最大的比特币开采矿池GHash的所在地,该国早期曾是采矿业的领袖,其算力曾经达到全球总算力的30%。

据悉,在2014年,乌克兰控制了比特币总协议55%的算力,这让众多比特币爱好者怀疑该国是否会向比特币发动51%攻击。但在后来,由于乌克兰监管的不确定性,这些公司纷纷离开乌克兰,迁往了加拿大、格鲁吉亚和芬兰等对加密货币有好的司法管辖区,这也让乌克兰失去了一个重要的赚钱机会。

该文件还补充道:“考虑到目前的局势,乌克兰人已经被剥夺了通过传统手段筹集资金和资源的机会。因此,去年一年,没有一家乌克兰公司通过IPO机制获得一美元。与此同时,根据乌克兰UVCA和德勤在2017年的数据显示,有19家乌克兰初创企业通过ICO吸引了1.6亿美元的资金。”

乌克兰当局估计,该国公民拥有的加密货币价值约为987亿乌克兰元,大约为35亿美元。因此,在2019年至2024年,若对加密货币资产进行交易合法化,国家的税收将增加至少4500万美元。

此前,根据乌克兰中央选举委员会透露,他们正在研究选举中使用区块链技术投票的可能性。Oleksandr Stelmakh是乌克兰中央选举委员会工作人员,他表示,当地政府已经和新经币基金会展开合作,试运行基于新经币区块链的选举投票系统。

The Ukrainian parliament wants to begin taxing residents' cryptocurrency-related profits.

Lawmakers proposed implementing a 5 percent tax on any cryptocurrency-related profits individuals and commercial entities see. These profits must be reported separately from other forms of income as well, according to the bill.

Further, commercial entities would see their taxation rate jump to 18 percent beginning on Jan. 1, 2024, should the bill pass.

The bill also suggests defining the concept of cryptocurrency within the country's Taxation Code as "a virtual asset in a form of a token, which functions as a mean of exchange or a store of value," as well as defining virtual assets as a "form of a digital record on the distributed ledger that can be used as a mean of exchange, unit of account or a mean of storing value."

The bill also explains what crypto mining is.

The explanatory appendix for the bill notes that Ukraine hosted the early leaders of the mining industry and almost 30 percent of the global mining power, having been a home for the biggest bitcoin mining pool, GHash, at the time.

At one point in 2014, it controlled up to 55 percent of the total bitcoin protocol, raising questions if it could conduct a 51 percent attack, as CoinDesk reported at the time. But later, due to the regulation uncertainty in Ukraine, such companies left the country for friendlier jurisdictions like Canada, Georgia and Finland, the document states, leaving Ukrainians without a prominent money-making tool.

The document added:

"Given the current state of affairs, Ukrainians are deprived of the opportunity to raise funds and resources to develop their ideas and technologies through traditional instruments. So, last year, Ukrainian companies did not get a single dollar through an IPO (primary public offering) mechanism. At the same time, according to the Ukrainian association UVCA and Deloitte in 2017, 19 Ukrainian start-ups attracted $ 160 million or more than UAH (Ukrainian hryvnia) 4.3 billion through the ICO (the primary token proposal).

As Ukrainian authorities estimated, the country's citizens own cryptocurrencies worth about 98.7 billion in the national currency, or about $3.5 billion, so legalization of the transactions with crypto assets will add at least $45 million in taxes annually in 2019-2024, the document says.


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