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华尔街日报:46家加密货币交易所涉嫌洗钱近亿美元

据《华尔街日报》周五报道,根据调查,在46家加密货币交易所中,涉及犯罪活动的资金规模可能达到近9000万美元。

据《华尔街日报》调查报告,在两年的时间里,通过由Erik Voorhees领导的允许用户保持匿名身份的加密货币交易所ShapeShift AG进行的洗钱金额约900万美元。ShapeShift也是这份加密货币交易所调查名单中洗钱规模最大的美国交易所。

《华尔街日报》的调查追踪了与被报道的犯罪活动相关的2500个加密货币钱包地址的资金,发现8860万美元通过交易所进行了洗钱活动。《华尔街日报》声称,ShapeShift是“在美国出现的最大的资金接收者”。并指出,虽然这家交易所在瑞士注册,但它是在美国科罗拉多州运营的。

根据报告,ShapeShift首席法律顾问Veronica McGregor表示,记者们将一份被视为“可疑”的地址列表交给了ShapeShift,随后该交易所禁止了这些地址。

该报告描述了他们是如何追踪来自一个欺诈项目的资金到达交易所的,并解释说,记者们通过跟踪以太坊区块链上的交易和钱包地址,发现这些加密货币流向了ShapeShift和KuCoin。例如,在ShapeShift,大约51.7万美元的ETH被转换成了隐私型加密货币门罗币(monero),然后行踪消失。

这份报告的时机是值得注意的,就在几周前,ShapeShift宣布将从下个月开始实施“了解你的客户(KYC)”规定。

McGregor对《华尔街日报》表示,此举“不是为了回应任何监管执法行动”,而是交易所为了“降低风险”。

她的声明呼应了Voorhees的言论,后者告诉CoinDesk,此举是一种“积极”的举措,以阻止未来任何监管行动。

“这是一个战略决定,因为我们相信,不这么做的风险太大了。这并不是草率作出的决定,”Voorhees说。

Nearly $90 million potentially associated with criminal activity was laundered through 46 cryptocurrency exchanges, the Wall Street Journal reported Friday.

In particular, the Journal reported, some $9 million was laundered through ShapeShift AG, the Erik Voorhees-led cryptocurrency exchange known for allowing users to maintain their anonymity, over a two-year period. Moreover, this was the largest sum laundered through any single U.S.-based exchange on its list.

The Journal's investigation tracked funds from more than 2,500 crypto wallet addresses associated with reported criminal activity, finding that $88.6 million was laundered through the exchanges. ShapeShift, it claims, was "the largest recipient of the funds with a U.S. presence," noting that while it is registered in Switzerland, it is operated in the U.S. state of Colorado.

Reporters gave ShapeShift a list of addresses deemed "suspicious," which the exchange then banned, chief legal officer Veronica McGregor said, according to the article.

The report described how it traced funds from one fraudulent scheme to exchanges, explaining that reporters followed transactions and wallet addresses on the ethereum blockchain to ShapeShift and KuCoin. At ShapeShift, some $517,000 in ethereum was converted to monero, where the trail went dark, as an example.

The report's timing is notable, coming just weeks after ShapeShift announced it would enforce "know-your-customer" rules beginning next month.

McGregor told the Journal that the move was "not in response to any regulatory enforcement action," but rather, as part of an effort to "de-risk" the exchange.

Her statement echoed comments by Voorhees, who told CoinDesk that the move was a "proactive" step to forestall any future regulatory action.

"It was a strategic decision as we believe the risk of not doing so had gotten too great. It was not made lightly," he said.


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