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韩国国会议员提交《数字资产交易促进法案》

据报道,近日,韩国议员提出了一项关于加密货币的法案,该法案旨在促进加密货币交易并推动加密货币交易所的发展。该法案表示,除了需要提升资本、人力资源和内部系统等条件外,还要成立加密货币委员会来支持并促进加密货币交易。

促进加密货币交易

据韩国当地媒体报道,韩国国会议员、国家政治委员金顺东(Kim Sun-dong)上周提交了一份《数字资产交易促进法案》。首尔金融新闻对此阐述道:

“《数字资产交易促进法案》包含了一个全面计划,而此全面计划将为加密业务制定一系列的指导方针,以此来促进虚拟货币交易所、区块链技术的发展,并制定加密税务减免政策,以及提供防止黑客攻击和市场动荡的应对措施。”

金议员还强调,有必要制定一套可促进加密业务发展的相关法律,以此来避免加密企业离开韩国,并拿Bithumb进行了举例。他指出,虽然在今年年初,韩国的加密货币交易占据了国内股市交易的很大比例,但最大的加密货币交易所Bithumb还是被出售给了一家新加坡财团。他还特别提到,日本已经完成了加密货币交易制度化的立法程序,且美国也对加密货币衍生品的交易开始放行。

关于此项最新加密法案

该法案首先将在线资金、积分、游戏物品以及虚拟货币等具有明显价值的虚拟内容定义为数字资产。同时该法案还将与上述内容有关的运营商定义为数字资产交易公司:

“想要经营数字资产交易业务的个人或企业需要拥有足够的资金(超过30亿韩元,约266万美元)和人力,且具有达到标准的计算机化系统以及物理设备,以此才有可能得到金融服务委员会(FSC)的批准。”

该法案明确规定,如果交易所内出现黑客攻击事件,且导致客户加密资产损失,则交易所必须承担所有的责任。

新闻中提到,该法案中所提及的行业推广实例包括:建立数字资产交易委员会、大力促进加密相关研发项目,并提供财政支持、增加专业培训,以及进行税务减免等。据《首尔都市报》报道称,该数字资产交易委员会的任务则是解决金融服务委员会(FSC)所提出的要求(如制定与加密资产相关的标准和政策),并负责相关行政机构之间的协调。

新闻还引援了金议员发言:

“政府将关注于虚拟货币中的风险,并将集中打击非法活动......为了引领区块链的全球发展趋势,有必要尽快制定相关的法律法规。”

A South Korean lawmaker has reportedly introduced a bill to promote cryptocurrency trading and the development of crypto exchanges. In addition to requirements such as capital, manpower, and internal systems, the bill proposes establishing a committee to promote and support crypto trading.

Promoting Crypto Trading

Korean lawmaker Kim Sun-dong, a member of the National Assembly’s Political Committee, announced last week that he has initiated the Digital Asset Trading Promotion Act, local media reported. Seoul Finance elaborated:

‘The Digital Asset Trading Promotion Act’ includes a comprehensive plan for establishing a guideline for promoting the development of virtual currency exchanges and blockchain technology, tax reduction and exemption, measures against hacking damage, and prevention of market disturbances.

Kim emphasized the need for a law dedicated to promoting crypto businesses to avoid companies leaving Korea, citing Bithumb as an example. He pointed out that even though crypto transactions in Korea accounted for a large percentage of the domestic stock market transactions at the beginning of this year, one of the largest crypto exchanges, Bithumb, was recently sold to a Singapore-based consortium.

He also noted that Japan has already completed legislative procedures to institutionalize crypto transactions and the U.S. has allowed the trading of cryptocurrency derivatives.

About the New Crypto Bill

The bill first defines “virtual content with an apparent value such as online money, points, game items and virtual currencies as digital assets,” the publication detailed. It also defines the operators dealing with them as digital asset trading companies. The news outlet added:

Those who want to operate a digital asset trading business should have more than 3 billion won [~$2.66 million] in capital, enough manpower, computerized systems, and physical equipment to be approved by the Financial Services Commission [FSC].

If an exchange is hacked and its customers suffer losses of crypto assets, the bill submits that the exchange must assume the liability for damage to the traders.

The publication added that some examples of industry promotion mentioned in the bill include the establishment of a digital asset trading committee, the promotion of research and development projects, financial support, professional training, and tax reduction. According to Metro Seoul newspaper, the committee will be tasked with resolving issues requested by the FSC such as setting standards and policies relating to crypto assets, as well as coordinating between relevant administrative agencies.

Kim was further quoted as saying:

The government is focusing only on the risk of virtual currency and concentrating only on the crackdown of illegal activities … In order to lead the global trend of blockchain technology development, it is necessary to prepare laws and regulations as soon as possible.

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