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纽约:加密货币监管行动得到积极回应

本周二,纽约首席检察官Eric Schneiderman办公室要求13家加密货币交易所,在5月1日前完成在交易方面的流程和政策、银行和保险信息以及KYC(了解你的客户)和AML(反洗钱)部署状况等问题的调查问卷。以提高透明度,旨在保护投资者,保障这类新型金融市场的诚信。

这13家收到通知的交易所包括:GDAX、Gemini、bitFlyer、Bitfinex、Bitstamp、Kraken、Bittrex、Poloniex、Binance、Tidex、Gate.io、itBit Trust Company以及Huobi.Pro。

随着比特币等加密货币资产的价格暴涨,加密货币交易在过去一年已成为一项重要的商业买卖。美国领先的加密货币交易所Coinbase的用户数量在十二个月内将其翻了一番,11月底已超过1300万。股票交易应用程序Robinhood和Square的“现金”支付应用程序也在过去几个月间推出了加密货币交易功能。

然而,加密货币交易所的基础设施往往不及华尔街已建立多年的证券交易所。日本交易所Coincheck今年年初遭到黑客攻击。Coinbase去年一再暂停加密货币交易业务,努力调整以应对不断增长的高需求。

交易平台Gemini首席执行官Tyler Winklevoss双胞胎兄弟在给CNBC的一份声明中表示:

Gemini对首席检察官关注加密货币行业以及采取的行动表示赞赏,对于分发的调查问卷,我们将积极合作并提交答复。

今年3月,Winklevoss双胞胎兄弟计划成立一个加密货币自律组织,以促进行业的成长壮大。

Bittrex在一份声明中表示:

为区块链构建安全、完全合规的环境,将有助于鼓励创新、刺激经济增长以及实现美国在该行业的领导地位,我们对此表示支持。

Circle一份声明中表示:

我们欢迎所有旨在提高加密货币领域透明度和责任制的举措。

bitFlyer美国合规经理Hailey Lennon表示,该公司已收到信函并正在审查中。

截至CNBC发稿时间2018年4月18日上午7点,包括Coinbase在内的其他9家加密货币交易所没有立即回复或发表评论。

The New York State Attorney General's office requested information from 13 cryptocurrency exchanges on Tuesday in an effort to better understand investor risks, a release said.

"Too often, consumers don't have the basic facts they need to assess the fairness, integrity, and security of these trading platforms," Attorney General Eric Schneiderman said in a statement. "Our Virtual Markets Integrity Initiative sets out to change that, promoting the accountability and transparency in the virtual currency marketplace that investors and consumers deserve."

His office's Investor Protection Bureau sent letters to Coinbase's GDAX exchange, Gemini Trust, bitFlyer and several other global virtual currency trading platforms requesting they complete by May 1 a questionnaire on areas such as ownership, fees, trading suspensions and money laundering.

Terry Roche, head of fintech research at Tabb, expects increased government scrutiny will require cryptocurrency exchanges to operate with greater rigor and transparency, "which will increase cost of operations."

"There will be material changes to this market that should protect the functioning of the market and those investing," Roche said.

Trading cryptocurrencies has become a big business in the last year as the prices of digital assets such as bitcoin have skyrocketed. Coinbase, the leading U.S. cryptocurrency marketplace, more than doubled its users in 12 months to more than 13 million at the end of November. Stock trading app Robinhood and Square's "Cash" payments app have also launched crypto trading features in the last few months.

However, the infrastructure has often fallen short of Wall Street's established stock exchanges. Japanese exchange Coincheck was hacked earlier this year. Coinbase repeatedly suspended cryptocurrency buys and sells last year as the company struggled to handle high demand, and also surprised markets with a botched rollout of "bitcoin cash" trading.

"Gemini applauds the Attorney General's focus on this industry and the Virtual Markets Initiative, and we look forward to cooperating with and submitting our responses to the questionnaire that has been circulated," Tyler Winklevoss, CEO of Gemini, said in a statement to CNBC. In March, he and his brother Cameron proposed virtual currency businesses form a self-regulatory organization as a way for the industry to mature.

Other exchanges the New York Attorney General's Office contacted include Bitfinex, Bitstamp USA, Kraken, Bittrex, Poloniex parent Circle Internet Financial and Binance. The Wall Street Journal first reported the news of the information requests.

"Bittrex supports building a secure, fully-compliant environment for blockchain that encourages innovation, economic growth, and U.S. leadership in the industry," the company said in a statement.

Circle also said in a statement that "we welcome all initiatives focused on increasing transparency and accountability in the space."

bitFlyer USA's Director of Compliance Hailey Lennon said the company has received the letter and is reviewing the requests.

The nine other companies, including Coinbase, did not immediately respond or have a comment available when contacted by CNBC.

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