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印度交易所就交易禁令起诉该国央行

印度比特币社区一直为争取在这个国家自由活动而努力。

最近,印度当地交易所向法院提交了一份请愿书,将印度储备银行告上法庭。

Kali Digital Eco-Systems是加密货币交易所Coin Recoil的幕后推手。该公司向德里的高等法院提起诉讼,反对印度央行最近向为比特币提供服务的相关银行施加压力,实施打击行为。

根据请愿者的说法,印度央行的指令随意且违反印度宪法,法院应该下令撤销这些指令。

Newbitcoin.com从获得的这份文件了解到,由于印度央行的指令,该公司将无法获得对其业务运营至关重要的银行的服务。而这一禁令有两点是与宪法相违背的。

印度宪法第19条规定 保证公民从事任何职业的自由,包括贸易或是商业。但是,通过阻止交易所从银行获得服务,从某种角度来说是政府限制了公民择业自由的权利。

宪法第14条规定 禁止基于任意和不合理分类导致的歧视。该请愿书写道,印度央行并没有对“虚拟货币”作出明确的定义,根据这种含糊不清的定义,能被称为“虚拟货币”的有很多,比如,航空公司的里程奖励积分也可以被划分为虚拟货币。

两个月前,以色列最高法院发布了一项禁令,要求国内最大的银行停止禁止当地比特币交易账户这一行为。这是以色列加密货币行业的一次重大胜利,为其他比特币企业在该国获得银行服务奠定了基础。尽管商业银行和央行的权力之间存在差异,但也希望印度高院会参考以色列高院的判决。

与此同时,约42000名印度人联合在网上签署了一份请愿书,反对印度央行的指令。

The Indian bitcoin community keeps fighting for their rights to operate freely in the country like any other industry. The latest show of defiance is a petition to the court against the actions of the Reserve Bank of India by the operators of a local exchange.

RBI Ban Unconstitutional

Kali Digital Eco-Systems, the company behind the upcoming cryptocurrency exchange Coin Recoil, has appealed to the High Court in Delhi against the recent crackdown on banks providing services to bitcoin related companies by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

According to the petitioner, the RBI directive is arbitrary and a violation of the Constitution of India and the court should therefore quash it. The document presented to the count, which news.bitcoin.com has obtained, explains that due to the RBI Circular the company will not be able to secure banking services that are imperative for the business’ operations rendering it “stillborn.” It argues that the ban is unconstitutional on two main grounds.

Freedom of Occupation

Article 19 of the Constitution of India guarantees citizens’ rights to carry on any occupation, trade or business. But by preventing exchanges’ access to baking services the government is in affect preventing people from engaging in the business of their choice.

Article 14 prohibits discrimination based on arbitrary and unreasonable classification. The petition explains that the RBI did not provide a clear definition of what constitutes ‘virtual currency’ and that this ambiguity dilutes any reasonability in what may be alleged as a classification. For instance, reward points such as airline miles may also be unreasonably construed as virtual currencies.

Two months ago the Supreme Court of Israel issued an injunction order forbidding one of the biggest banks in the country from halting the account activity of a local bitcoin exchange. This was a major victory for the Israeli cryptocurrency industry that set a precedent for other bitcoin businesses struggling to get banking services in the country. Hopefully the Indian high court will follow this example, even though there is a difference between the authority of a commercial bank and a central bank. Meanwhile, over 42,000 Indians have now signed an online petition that against the RBI directive.

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