一桩涉及虚拟货币My Big Coin的案件可能决定美国商品期货交易委员会（CFTC）是否有权制裁围绕加密货币的欺诈行为。
今年1月，CFTC向联邦法院提起诉讼，指控内华达州一家公司的创始人和技术企业家Randall Crater以及另外一人向客户兜售虚拟货币My Big Coin，诈骗金额达600多万美元。
CFTC在3月份指出另一种情况，布鲁克林的一位联邦法官裁定，虚拟货币属于商品，可以由CFTC监管。 然而，Crater的律师认为，具体的裁决涉及使用比特币用于期货交易。Crater的法律团队认为，虚拟货币My Big Coin不属于使用期货合约交易的商品或服务，因此CFTC不具有监管权力。Crater的律师Katherine Cooper表示，“My Big Coin不涉及期货交易或其他衍生品交易，因此不属于商品。”
但是律师事务所Willkie Farr＆Gallagher的律师Neal Kumar认为，Crater可能会败诉，因为《商品交易法》中这样定义，目前具有期货交易属性的，以及将来具有期货交易属性的，都可以算作商品。“他们可能败诉的点在于，商品必须现有或已存在期货合约，而法规并不是这样规定的。”
关注此案的人士表示，如果法院作出裁决可能会影响CFTC制裁虚拟货币欺诈。 迄今为止，CFTC已经针对8个与加密货币有关的案例提起诉讼。Eversheds Sutherland律师事务所的律师Gregory Kaufman表示：“这将对CFTC在这一领域运用权力产生不良影响。”
A case involving virtual currency My Big Coin could determine whether the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) has the power to fight fraud centered around cryptocurrencies.
In January, the CFTC filed the lawsuit in federal court, alleging that a Nevada-based company, its founder, technology entrepreneur Randall Crater, and another individual defrauded more than $6 million from customers seeking to buy My Big Coin.
According to Reuters, lawyers not involved in the suit say that this case could determine CFTC’s oversight of cryptocurrencies, which are not backed by any central bank.
The CFTC pointed to a different case in March, in which a federal judge in Brooklyn ruled that virtual currencies can be regulated by the agency as a commodity. However, Crater’s attorneys argue that the specific ruling involved bitcoin, for which futures are traded.
Crater’s legal team contends that the CFTC has no authority over My Big Coin because it is not a commodity or a service that is traded using futures contracts.
“Our argument boils down to the fact that because My Big Coin does not have future contracts or other derivatives trading on it, it is not a commodity,” said Katherine Cooper, a lawyer for Crater.
But Neal Kumar, a lawyer at the law firm Willkie Farr & Gallagher, said Crater may still lose, because the Commodity Exchange Act defines services as commodities that not only currently have future contracts, but could in the future as well.
“The argument that falls flat for them is that there needs to be current or existing futures contracts,” he said. “And that’s just not what the statute says.”
Those watching the case say that if the court decides against the CFTC, it could affect its ability to police virtual currency frauds. To date, the CFTC has filed eight cryptocurrency-related cases.
“It would have a chilling effect on the CFTC’s application of its powers in this area,” said Gregory Kaufman, a lawyer with the law firm Eversheds Sutherland.
U.S. District Judge Rya Zobel in Boston is due to hear arguments in the case on Thursday (June 14).