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五国强强联盟积极应对加密货币犯罪

7月2日,一个名为“全球税务执法联合主席(J5)”的联盟正式成立,旨在通过联合调查和执法行动,打击包括加密货币犯罪在内的跨境金融犯罪。联盟成员包括来自五个国家的税务执法机构:美国、英国、加拿大、澳大利亚及荷兰。

作为J5执法行动的一部分,这些机构将在情报及刑事调查方面开展合作,“以减少加密货币和网络犯罪对税收管理构成的日益严重的威胁”,同时也将在跨国税务犯罪和洗钱问题等方面开展合作。

据美国国税局,成立这样一个国际专项工作组是对经合组织(OECD)呼吁各国对税务犯罪采取行动的回应。其中,美国国家税务局刑事侦查局(IRS-CI)也将作为机构之一参与这一联盟。IRS-CI的负责人Don Fort也表示,多边合作“可以通过各种方式向国际犯罪团体施加压力,这一点我们无法靠自己实现”。

除了对加密货币征收联邦财产税外,美国国税局还与美国司法部(DOJ)和联邦调查局一起参与了与加密货币相关的刑事案件的联合行动。同时,美国国税局为了克服追踪匿名加密货币交易的困难,长期以来一直在使用第三方区块链情报工具(如Chainalysis)来追踪加密货币犯罪。

The US Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has launched an international taskforce together with tax enforcement authorities from four other countries to take on cryptocurrency-enabled crimes, according to a press release published Monday, July 2.

The new coalition, dubbed ‘The Joint Chiefs of Global Tax Enforcement,’ or ‘J5,’ comprises tax enforcement agencies from five countries in total –– Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom, alongside the U.S.

As part of J5, the agencies will cooperate on intelligence and criminal investigations “to reduce the growing threat to tax administrations posed by cryptocurrencies and cybercrime,” as well as to target transnational tax crime and money laundering.

According to the IRS, the decision to form a transnational taskforce via J5 was in response to the intergovernmental Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s call to action for countries to step up their efforts against the enablers of tax crimes.

Don Fort, chief of the Internal Revenue Service-Criminal Investigation (IRS-CI) –– which will act alongside the IRS as part of the newly launched J5 –– told Forbes today that a multilateral effort “can pressurize the global criminal community in ways we could not achieve on our own."

In February of this year, the IRS-CI assembled a team of 10 new investigators to tighten its pursuit of those who use crypto to evade taxes.

As well as subjecting cryptocurrencies to federal property taxes, the IRS has also taken part in joint action alongside the US Department of Justice (DOJ) and the FBI in crypto-related criminal cases, including a major indictment against listings website Backpage.com this spring –– the site was charged with laundering half a billion dollars in illegal revenue, partly via cryptocurrency.

To overcome difficulties in tracking anonymous crypto transactions, the IRS has long been pursuing crypto-enabled crimes by harnessing third-party blockchain intelligence tools such as Chainalysis, as Cointelegraph reported back in 2017.

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