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英国法律委员会正在将智能合约的使用编入英国法律

区块链国际资讯

英国法律委员会正在将智能合约的使用编入英国法律

英国法律委员会正在将智能合约的使用写入英国法律,成为英国法律的一部分。委员会旨在更新英国法律,使法律跟得上当下技术。

委员会在第52份年度报告中披露了这项内容,报告起止日期为2017年4月1日到2018年3月31日。

报告显示,为智能合约创建一个有效的法律框架的提议是欧盟委员会第十三个法律改革计划的一部分。

第52份年度报告列出了前大法官David Lidington议员批准的14项法律研究领域,包括自动驾驶汽车、住宅租赁、代孕和智能合约。

司法部根据2009年的法律委员会法案提出了关于为智能合约创建法律框架的建议。

这份报告旨在推动对智能合约的认可与规范。这与英国政府“在法律服务领域促进英国全球化”的愿望密切相关。

报告还指出,研究和政策制定项目的初步工作从2018年春季开始,在2018年夏季全面启动。报告中给出的“智能合约”的定义是一种运行在区块链上的技术,通过这种技术,可以自动执行法律合同,或者至少执行一部分。

在解释为什么法律委员会对智能合约感兴趣时,报告指出:

使用智能合约来执行法律合同将会提高商业交易效率,建议使用区块链技术增加信任和确定性。重要的是要确保英国的法院和法律对商业来讲具有竞争优势。因此,法律委员会需要界定研究范围,审查现行的英国法律框架是否适用于智能合约。这个项目的目的是确保法律具有足够的确定性和灵活性,以便可以适用于全球数字环境,对任何缺乏清晰度或确定性的主题予以说明。

根据2009年法律委员会法案和2010年议定书,司法部将智能合约写入英国法律的信息表明了英国推进这一领域改革的严肃意图。

如果法律改革取得成功,英国将成为少数几个在法律上承认智能合约的司法管辖区之一。

今年3月,CCN曾报道过,英国政府成立了一个由英国财政部、英国央行和金融行为监管局组成的加密资产特别工作组。

The UK Law Commission is in the process of codifying the use of smart contracts into British law as part of an ongoing effort to update British law and make it relevant to of the challenges of modern technology.

This was revealed in the Commission’s 52nd annual report covering  the period from April 1, 2017 to March 31, 2018. According to the report, a proposal to create an effective legal framework for smart contracts under UK law was part of the Commission’s Thirteenth Programme of Law Reform.

‘Promoting Global Britain’

The report lists out 14 areas of legal research approved for reform by former Lord Chancellor Rt Hon David Lidington MP, including automated vehicles, residential leaseholds, surrogacy and smart contracts.

A recommendation to look into creating a legal framework for smart contracts came about as a result of an indication from the Ministry of Justice in line with the Law Commission Act 2009. According to the report, the push to recognise and regulate smart contracts goes hand in hand with the UK government’s desire to “promote Global Britain in the field of legal services.”

It also states that the initial work on the research and policy formulation project started in Spring 2018, with the project set to fully commence in Summer 2018.

The definition of ‘smart contracts’ given in the report is a technology that runs on the blockchain through which legal contracts may be executed automatically, or at least in part.

Explaining why smart contracts are of interest to the Law Commission, the report states:

The use of smart contracts to execute legal contracts is expected to increase efficiency in business transactions and it is suggested that the use of blockchain technology will increase trust and certainty. It is important to ensure that English courts and law remain a competitive choice for business. Therefore, there is a compelling case for a Law Commission scoping study to review the current English legal framework as it applies to smart contracts. The purpose of this project would be to ensure that the law is sufficiently certain and flexible to apply in a global, digital context and to highlight any topics which lack clarity or certainty.”

Per the Law Commission Act 2009 and the 2010 Protocol, the communication from the Ministry of Justice regarding the codification of smart contracts into UK law signifies a serious intention to take forward reform in this area.

If the legal reform is successful, the UK will become one of only a handful of jurisdictions that legally recognizes smart contracts. In March, CCN reported that the UK government launched a Cryptoassets Taskforce made up of Her Majesty’s Treasury, The Bank of England and the Financial Conduct Authority.

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