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美国俄亥俄州:承认区块链电子存证的法律效力

据coindesk8月7日报道,继美国亚利桑那州之后,俄亥俄州成为了该国承认区块链电子存证法律效力的最新地区。

今年5月份,俄亥俄州参议院法案(SB 300)修改了《统一电子交易法》的部分内容,拟将区块链记录的数据和智能合约作为电子存证,为这种新兴技术提供安全港湾和法律保障。

根据本周一发布的新闻,该法案(SB 300)的部分内容后来被纳入了SB200,SB200于6月获得该州参议院的批准,并在8月3日由州长签署后成为俄亥俄州法律条文。

通过后,俄亥俄州已对《统一电子交易法》进行了修订,并声明通过区块链技术录入的记录和合同被认为是电子存证。

通过区块链技术记录的电子签名也被认为具有与该法令中定义的任何其他电子签名具有相同的法律地位。

SB 300最初建议明确表示电子合同不能被剥夺法律效力或可执行性。不过,该法案中承认智能合同法律效力的字眼已被略去。

今年4月份,美国亚利桑那州也通过了一项法案,承认在区块链上存储和交易数据的法律地位。加州的政界人士自今年2月以来一直在研究一项类似法案。不过,佛罗里达州和内布拉斯加州的法案都被无限期推迟。

Ohio has become the latest U.S. state to legally recognize data stored and transacted on a blockchain.

The news comes after lawmakers from the state introduced a bill in May that sought to treat blockchain data and smart contracts as electronic records in a bid to provide safe harbor for the emerging technology.

Part of the wording from that bill (SB 300) was later incorporated into legislation (SB200), which was approved by the state's senate in June and finally signed by the governor into Ohio law on Friday, according to a release published Monday.

As passed, Ohio's Uniform Electronic Transactions Act has been amended from the prior version to state that "a record or contract that is secured through blockchain technology is considered to be in an electronic form and to be an electronic record."

Electronic signatures secured through blockchain technology are also considered to have the same legal standing as any other electronic signatures defined under the act.

However, initially proposed language to amend the law to recognize smart contracts has been omitted from the passed bill.

SB 300 originally suggested making it clear that electronic contracts can't be denied legal effect or enforceability just "because the contract contains a smart contracts term" – wording would have cleared the way for smart contracts to be used for legal documents in the state.

Elsewhere in the U.S., the state of Arizona has also passed a bill recognizing the legal status of data stored and transacted on a blockchain, while politicians in California have been working on a similar piece of legislation since February.

However, the states of Florida and Nebraska have both postponed their proposed bills indefinitely.

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