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区块链国际资讯

用区块链发行债券,世界银行可能开创了先例

澳大利亚最大的银行澳洲联邦银行(CBA)受世界银行的委托,计划在区块链上发行债券。

据悉,CBA将发行全球首个“通过区块链技术创建、分配、转移以及管理”的债券。这种名为bond-i(区块链新债券工具)将在世界银行和CBA运作的区块链平台上完成发行和分配流程。

这两家机构采用了以太坊私有链,不过CBA表示,其它区块链系统同样在快速发展,因此不排除将来会选用其它平台。微软(Microsoft)也参与其中,他们负责这个平台的审计工作,以评估其安全性和灵活性。CBA执行总经理James Wall说:

我们认为这次的交易将会是开创性的,因为其展示了区块链技术的确可以为不同的参与者提供便利。

目前有关这批债券的规模和发行时间都尚未公布。不过,CBA和世界银行表示将在咨询更多投资者之后才考虑发行bond-i。

CBA和世界银行表示,区块链技术将会简化融资、证券交易流程,提高运作速度,同时强化监管力度。为了帮助新兴经济体实现可持续发展,世界银行每年都会发行500亿到600亿美元的债券。

今年7月,CBA通过自己的区块链平台成功将17吨杏仁运往了欧洲,并且从墨尔本到德国汉堡实现了全程的货物追踪。该平台同时使用了分布式账本技术(DLT)、物联网(IoT)以及智能合约这三项技术。

另外,泰国债券市场协会(TBMA)也透露将在自己的注册服务平台上部署一个区块链方案。这个新平台将允许TBMA提供更快速的债券认证和发行流程,从而提高二级市场的流动性。这个方案预计会在今年年底之前问题。

 

The World Bank has chosen the Commonwealth Bank of Australia to help organize a new Ethereum blockchain bond denominated in Australian dollars. The bond is projected to raise between $50-$100 million, and proceeds will go towards sustainable development initiatives.

The World Bank recently said they have chosen the Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA) to become the sole arranger of a new blockchain bond that will be issued on Ethereum. Both entities are set to launch the bond after consulting with investors.

There isn’t much detail regarding the technical details of the bond itself, but the infrastructure is currently set to run on Microsoft Azure’s cloud platform, according to the MIT Technology Review.

Microsoft also carried out an independent review of CBA’s blockchain platform to gauge functionality and security.

The World Bank said via press release that indicative investor interest in the bond has been strong, while pointing out how they have frequently issued in the Australian dollar market.

Blockchain for Sustainable Development

The World Bank issues $50-$60 billion dollars in bonds on an annual basis to help fund projects.

As a result, the global financial giant has often been at the forefront of financial innovation. The Bank issued the first globally traded and settled bond in 1989, as well the first electronic bond in 2000.

Now, the World Bank observes that blockchain:

Has the potential to streamline processes among numerous debt capital market intermediaries and agents. This can help simplify raising capital and trading securities; improve operational efficiencies; and enhance regulatory oversight.

Open to Other Possibilities

The new bond will officially be classified as a “bond-I” (Blockchain Offered New Debt Instrument.)

Money raised from the new blockchain bond will go towards endeavors tied to the World Bank’s Reconstruction and Development division.

Additional collaborators for the project include Northern Trust, QBE, and the Treasury Corporation of Victoria. Legal firm King & Wood Mallesons also advised on the legal framework for the bond issuance and acted as deal counselor.

World Bank Treasurer Arunma Oteh said the team worked with CBA for a year before they were in a position to actually launch the first blockchain bond transaction.

The CBA said they chose Ethereum due to having “the largest and most active development community globally,” but noted how they are open to other options in the future since the blockchain word is developing at a fast rate.

The CBA has also been using blockchain technology for a range of other projects. They recently shipped and tracked seventeen tonnes of almonds. Accompanied by a group of supply-chain industry leaders, the bank used blockchain, smart contracts, and the IoT, to carefully monitor the almond supply chain.

Blockchain has gained more and more attention across various industries, especially as the technology continues to develop.

 

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