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匈牙利正研究加密货币监管框架

匈牙利正在制定关于加密货币监管的法律框架,但尚未将其视为法定货币。根据该国现行的税法,使得加密货币在该国并不受欢迎。

匈牙利当地媒体援引该国财政部的一份书面说明表示,比特币和其他加密货币不符合该国法定货币标准。此外,该国政府也正在积极致力于制定加密货币的监管框架,旨在解决加密货币行业存在个各种问题。

匈牙利发布声明称:目前正在考虑对加密工具进行监管,匈牙利央行、税务当局、财政部和其他部门已经成立了一个联合工作组,对加密货币的法律、经济、执法、洗钱和其他方面进行评估,以期引入更详细的监管措施。

据当地税务专家称,该国的个人所得税法将比特币和其他加密货币的诉讼程序视为“其他收入”。因此,它需要缴纳15%的个人所得税以及22%的医疗费用。

根据德勤最近的一份报告显示,沉重的税收负担迫使人们改变了投资计划。在匈牙利许多人试图通过一些风险更大的投资计划来躲避政府的税收。值得注意的是,匈牙利政府认为出售或者交易加密货币是一种应税项目。

INLOCK首席执行官Csaba Csabai表示:“虽然,在匈牙利出售或者交易加密货币是一种应税项目。但是使用加密货币资产作为贷款抵押品来进行融资则不算应税项目。”

据鸵鸟区块链 7月17日报道,根据Coin.dance发布的数据,拉丁美洲国家上周点对点(P2P)加密货币交易额大幅增长。

在6月30日和7月7日这两个星期,匈牙利当地比特币的上市促成了价值730万匈牙利福林的比特币交易。尽管以福林(forint)计算的交易量似乎很大,但两周的交易量都只有4比特币(约26,500美元)。

Hungary is reportedly working on a regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies but doesn’t consider them a legal tender yet. The country’s current legislation imposes steep taxes, making it a fairly unwelcoming territory for cryptocurrency investors.

NOT LEGAL TENDER

Citing a written statement of the country’s Finance Ministry, local Hungarian media Portfolio reports that Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies do not qualify as legal tender.

However, the country is purportedly working actively on a regulatory framework to address all aspects of cryptocurrencies. The statement reads:

Hungary is currently looking into regulating crypto instruments, and the central bank, the tax authority, the finance ministry and other authorities have set up a joint workgroup to evaluate legal, economic, law enforcement, money laundering and other aspects of cryptocurrencies with an eye to introducing more detailed regulation.

UNFAVORABLE TAXATION

Hungary’s taxation is infamously hostile towards the retail cryptocurrency investor. According to local tax experts, the country’s Personal Income Tax law considers proceedings from Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies to be “other income.” As such, it is subjected to 15 percent Personal Income Tax as well as with 22 percent Health Contribution.

However, if the activity is carried out by a business and not by a private individual, the tax burden would be essentially smaller – 9 percent corporate income tax as well as another 2 percent local business tax which is not always applicable.

A recent report by Deloitte Private outlines that the heavy tax burden is forcing people into investment schemes which entail even more risks:

Many people try to escape the infamous Hungarian taxes and additional administrative obligations (i.e. tax advance assessment, or preparation of tax returns and continuous keeping of tax records) through the increasing number of investment schemes. However, the level of reliability and sophistication of these is quite low in most cases, which often entails further taxation and legal risks.

What is more, as it currently stands, the legislation of Hungary considers selling or exchanging cryptocurrency to be a taxable event.

However, one potential loophole for holders of cryptocurrency may be to use it as collateral for a loan. Doing so is not considered a taxable event in Hungary, therefore it could be a better option compared to simply selling and paying the given tax.

“According to current law in Hungary, as a consequence of selling or exchanging cryptocurrencies is considered a taxable event,” Csaba Csabai, CEO of INLOCK explained. “However using these digital assets as collateral for a loan to finance a temporary liquidity problem is not. The platform we are building is working towards this concept enabling cryptocurrency holders to access the purchasing power of their holdings without being punished by the extremely high tax rates.”

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