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微软提出跨境数据访问原则

其他国际资讯

微软提出跨境数据访问原则

微软公司呼吁政府遵守跨境数据访问政策的一系列规则,包括独立司法审查和争议解决机制。

而就在上周,欧盟委员会还对外公布了拟议的电子证据立法。此外,今年3月美国国会通过了立法,规定了美国执法机构访问海外数据的方式。

微软认为其提出的六大原则"推动了并将继续推动我们对政府法律改革和国际协议谈判的倡议。"

除了呼吁司法审查和争议机制外,微软还主张政府官员允许云提供商在政府访问数据时通知用户,允许提供商就此类访问要求提出质疑,尽可能直接向公司寻求数据而不是云提供商,并确保数据访问透明性。

前联邦检察官和政府官员告诉Bloomberg Law,这些原则与欧盟的《一般数据保护条例》、加利福尼亚州新发布的数据隐私法以及云计算趋势相符。

前联邦检察官、现任Dorsey & Whitney LLP网络犯罪合作伙伴的Nick Ackerman告诉Bloomberg Law,这些法律和微软的原则给予消费者"更大的权利,让他们能够确定收集的数据内容和数据分享的对象。"

佐治亚理工学院隐私和安全教授兼Alston & Bird LLP高级顾问Peter Swire告诉Bloomberg Law,在云计算时代,数据访问问题的重要性日益增加。"过去,犯罪的证据通常都保存在当地,而现在,证据由通常位于其他国家/地区的云提供商持有。"

透明访问

微软表示自己正在尝试通过"持续努力来保护客户的数据和加强客户的隐私",并就此给出建议。

前联邦检察官和政府官员告诉Bloomberg Law,虽然微软呼吁执法机构在收集犯罪相关的数据时应通知用户,但该等权利可能会有某些例外情况,他们表示,美国第四修正案和司法程序已经向客户提供了充分通知。

位于加利福尼亚州山景城的Fenwick & West LLP的隐私顾问、前加利福尼亚州北区美国律师协会助理Hanley Chew告诉Bloomberg Law,任何一般通知要求的例外情况都"将使该规则无效。"

Chew表示,检察官将使用例外情况和司法程序来获取有限期限内的保密协议,确保调查处于保密状态。

Microsoft Corp. is calling on governments to follow a set of principles for cross-border data access policies, including independent judicial review and dispute resolution mechanisms.

Microsoft’s Sept. 11 call for law enforcement data access standards follows the European Commission’s introduction last week of proposed e-evidence legislation. In March, Congress passed legislation governing how U.S. law enforcement can access data overseas.

The company laid out six principles that it said “have driven, and will continue to drive, our advocacy as governments reform their laws and negotiate international agreements.”

Microsoft urged government officials to allow cloud providers to notify users about government access to data; give providers a path for challenging such requests; seek data directly from companies rather than cloud providers when possible; and provide for transparency, in addition to calling for judicial review and dispute mechanisms.

The principles are in line with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation and California’s new data privacy law, and cloud computing trends, former federal prosecutors and government officials told Bloomberg Law.

Both of those laws and the Microsoft principles give consumers “greater rights in being able to determine what data is being collected and who it is being shared with,” Dorsey & Whitney LLP cybercrime partner Nick Ackerman, a former federal prosecutor, told Bloomberg Law.

Data access issues have become much more important in the cloud computing era, Peter Swire, privacy and security professor at the Georgia Institute of Technology and senior counsel with Alston & Bird LLP, told Bloomberg Law. “Evidence of a crime used to be held locally, now the evidence is held by a cloud provider often located in other countries,” Swire said.

Transparent Access

Microsoft said it is trying to build on “ongoing efforts to protect our customers’ data and enhance their privacy” with the recommendations.

Although the company called for the right to notify users when law enforcement collects data related to a crime, such a right likely wouldn’t work absent some exceptions, former federal prosecutors and government officials told Bloomberg Law. The U.S. Fourth Amendment and judicial processes already provide customer with sufficient notice, they said.

But exceptions to any universal notice requirement “would swallow the rule,” Hanley Chew, of counsel for privacy at Fenwick & West LLP in Mountain View, Calif. and former assistant U.S. Attorney in the Northern District of California, told Bloomberg Law.

Prosecutors would use exceptions and the judicial process to obtain non-disclosure agreements of limited duration to keep investigations confidential, Chew said.

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