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英国:明年年初将出台新版加密货币税收指南

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯监管与政策

英国:明年年初将出台新版加密货币税收指南

今年3月,英国政府的“加密资产特别工作组”(Cryptoasset Taskforce)首次公布了一份加密货币领域的相关报告。

本周一,该工作组发布了报告的最终版,说明构成加密货币的技术可用于造福金融服务业和其它行业。

英国财政部、金融市场行为监管局和英格兰银行这三家特别工作组组成单位表示,将“鼓励在英国负责任地开展合法的DLT和加密资产相关活动”。

该报告指出:

虽然监管机构的当务之急是减轻目前加密资产带来的风险,但特别工作组认为,DLT的其他应用有可能在金融服务和其他领域带来重大利益。监管机构不认为进一步采用DLT存在监管障碍......然而,这项技术需要进一步发展,才能大规模使用,才能实现这些机会。

在未来几个月将要采取的具体行动中,有一项是对潜在的加密货币纳税人进行最新指导。该报告称,尽管这个问题不在特别工作组的报告范围之内,但“英国财政部正与英国税务部门和海关部门密切合作,考虑加密资产引发的税务问题。”

目前有关加密资产税务处理的指导意见已在英国税务及海关总署(HMRC)网站上公布。根据特别工作组的工作,HMRC将在2019年初进一步更新他们的指导方针。

英国政府同时也在考虑采取措施,将本国ICO的相关规定正式化。

报告称:

政府将于2019年初发布咨询意见,进一步与业界探讨英国市场上是否有此类加密资产的例子,如果有,是否需要扩大监管范围。

更多的行动

此外报告还指出:

政府还将“采取行动,减轻加密资产对消费者和市场诚信构成的风险,并防止在非法活动中使用加密货币,同时监测加密货币对金融稳定构成的任何威胁”。

虽然加密货币在洗钱等活动中的使用风险似乎在增加,但其在犯罪分子中使用的频率“仍然很低”。更值得关注的或许是,对消费者造成的潜在损失风险,以及市场操纵可能对市场诚信造成的风险。

在报告的结论中,还呼吁政府澄清有关证券型通证、ICO和金融工具的监管框架。

其他建议包括在这类问题上与国际监管机构进行更多合作,并采取进一步措施让消费者意识到投资加密货币的风险。该报告指出,特别工作组将继续“每6个月召开一次会议,审议事态发展并审查相关机构的做法”。

UK officials have outlined a range of regulatory steps around cryptoassets and distributed ledger technology (DLT) in a new report.

The UK government's "Cryptoasset Taskforce," first announced this past March, published its final report on Monday, finding that the technology that makes up cryptocurrencies can be used to benefit the financial services sector, as well as other industries.

As such, the HM Treasury, Financial Conduct Authority and the Bank of England – the three groups that constitute the task force – will "encourage responsible development of legitimate DLT and cryptoasset-related activity in the UK."

The report notes elsewhere:

"While the authorities' immediate priority is to mitigate the risks associated with the current generation of cryptoassets, the Taskforce considers that other applications of DLT have the potential to deliver significant benefits in both financial services and other sectors. The authorities do not believe there are regulatory barriers to further adoption of DLT."

"However, the technology requires further development before it could be used at scale and before these opportunities could be realized," it added.

Among the concrete actions to take place in the coming months is updated guidance for would-be crypto-taxpayers. The report says while the subject is outside of the scope of the Taskforce's report, "HM Treasury is working closely with HM Revenue and Customs to consider the tax issues raised by cryptoassets."

"Current guidance on the tax treatment of cryptoassets is set out on HMRC's website. HMRC will further update their guidance by early 2019, drawing on the Taskforce's work," the report notes.

The UK is also looking to take steps that would formalize rules around initial coin offerings that take place in the country.

"The government will issue a consultation in early 2019 to further explore with the industry whether there are examples of such cryptoassets on the UK market and, if so, whether an extension of the regulatory perimeter is required," the report states.

More steps outlined

The report contends that the government will also "take action to mitigate the risks that cryptoassets pose to consumers and market integrity," as well as prevent the use of cryptocurrencies in illegal activity, while also monitoring for any threats to financial stability.

The report states that cryptocurrency use in criminal circles "remains low," though the risk for their use in activities such as money laundering appears to be increasing. Of greater concern, perhaps, is the risk to consumers due to potential losses and the risk to market integrity that could arise from market manipulation.

In its conclusion, the report also calls for clarification of a regulatory framework around security tokens, initial coin offerings (ICOs), and financial instruments which reference cryptocurrencies and tokens listed on exchanges.

Other recommendations include more cooperation with international authorities on such issues and further steps to make consumers aware of the risks associated with investing in cryptocurrencies.

The task force will continue to meet "every six months to consider developments and review the UK's approach," the document noted.

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