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马来西亚将于2020年起正式征收数字税

国际资讯监管与政策

马来西亚将于2020年起正式征收数字税

近日,马来西亚财政部长林冠英表示,马来西亚将效仿新加坡开征数字税。

据悉,所有对马来西亚消费者提供在线服务的外国服务商,都必须从2020年1月1日起向马来西亚海关进行登记,并交纳相应的服务税。目前来看,所涉及的在线服务包括软件、音乐、视频和数字广告,不过马来西亚并未透露税率等其他具体细节。

林冠英表示,征税数字税是为了平衡零售实体店与网店(尤其是海外公司所有的网店)之间的竞争。

此外,所有进口服务的销售和服务税(SST)将分别缴纳,确保信息技术、工程和图形设计等本地服务提供商能够与外国公司公平竞争。

目前,马来西亚政府会针对马来西亚公司与外国服务提供商的数字和非数字交易征收10%的预扣税(WHT)。

为了降低业务成本并避免“双重征税” ,如企业可能同时支付WHT和SST ,马拉西亚政府将从2019年1月1日起引入SST抵扣信用体系。该信用体系的机制细节尚未确定。

除了本次引进的数字税政策外,其他影响马来西亚数字经济的政策还包括:

  1. 引入新的《资本市场和服务法案》,以批准和监督数字货币和代币市场交易活动。
  2. 政府将建立一个5000万令吉(1200万美元)的共同投资基金,并利用其他融资平台(如股权众筹和P2P借贷平台)与私营部门共同投资。
  3. 为马来西亚证券委员会监管的首次置业者推出房产众筹/ P2P平台。 FundMyHome平台由EdgeProp开发,计划于2019年第一季度推出。
  4. 引入30亿令吉(7.21亿美元)的行业数字化转型基金,并提供2%的补贴利率。该基金旨在加速拥有智能技术的行业,如机器人和人工智能。
  5. 政府管理的风险投资基金,如马来西亚科技发展公司、马来西亚债务风险投资公司、马来西亚风险投资管理公司和摇篮基金公司将进行精简。政府配对补助金只颁发给可以吸引私营部门投资的公司。

The Malaysian government has now confirmed that a digital tax will be coming to Malaysia, following a similar model and timeline in Singapore.

The announcement was made during a reading of the national budget in the parliament by Malaysian finance minister Lim Guan Eng.

Lim said in his speech: “For imported online services by consumers, foreign service providers will be required to register and remit related service taxes to the Malaysian customs, effective January 1, 2020.”

The online services include software, music, video, and any digital advertising.

“These tax measures will balance competition between retail outlets and online stores, especially those owned by overseas companies,” he added.

All imported services will also be subjected to a separate sales and service tax (SST). This is to ensure that local service providers in information technology, engineering and graphic designs, among others, can fairly compete with foreign firms.

The government did not give the specifics of the planned taxes, including the rates.

Currently, the government imposes a 10 percent withholding tax (WHT), which covers some digital transactions. The WHT applies to Malaysian companies’ transactions – digital and non-digital – with foreign service providers.

To lower business costs and avoid “double taxation” – in which a business might pay both the WHT and SST – the government will be introducing a credit system for SST deduction, starting January 1, 2019. The mechanism for this credit system has yet to be clarified.

Other announcements that would impact Malaysia’s digital economy include:

  1. Introduction of a new Capital Market and Services Act to approve and monitor digital currency and token market trading activities, which will be gazetted early next year.
  2. A RM 50 million (US$12 million) co-investment fund, where the government will jointly invest with the private sector using alternative funding platforms, such as equity crowdfunding and peer-to-peer lending (P2P).
  3. Introduction of a property crowdfunding/P2P platform for first-time homeowners, regulated by the Securities Commission of Malaysia. The FundMyHome platform is developed by the EdgeProp and slated for launch in the first quarter of 2019.
  4. Introduction of a RM 3 billion (US$721 million) industry digitalization transformation fund with a subsidized two percent interest rate. This fund is intended for accelerating industries embracing smart technologies, such as robotics and artificial intelligence.
  5. Government-managed venture capital funds such as Malaysia Technology Development Corporation, Malaysia Debt Ventures, Malaysia Venture Capital Management, and Cradle Fund will be streamlined. Government matching grants will only be awarded to companies that can attract investments from the private sector.

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