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区块链国际资讯

马来西亚计划利用区块链发布学位证书

据Coindesk 11月9日报道,马来西亚教育部成立了一个新的大学联盟,该联盟将利用区块链技术来对付该国假冒证书的泛滥问题。

马来西亚教育部于本周五在推特上发布的一份新闻稿中宣布,它将与由6所大学组成的新联盟一起推出一个名为e-Scroll的区块链系统,该系统将用于发放和核实大学学位。

该机构表示它之所以会选择使用区块链作为解决方案,是由于在该国人们通过互联网获得学位变得越来越容易,以及越来越多的欺诈性学位案例的涌现。

马来西亚教育部援引英国广播公司的一篇报道称,从今年1月开始,马来西亚假学位证书的交易“令人震惊”。报道称,

“买家准备花50万英镑购买假学位证书,这种情况在马来西亚并不少见。”

马来西亚信息与通信技术系主任委员会在今年1月首次提出了区块链系统的构想,预计这一系统将提高效率,同时还将证明学生学位证书的来源。

这份报告指出,目前,马来西亚大学在全球范围内收到了“数以千计的请求”来核实毕业生的身份,但是这一过程仍主要还是通过电话和电子邮件来完成的,“因此整个过程效率低下”。

马来西亚教育部表示,该系统是由国际伊斯兰教大学(IIUM)的一个团队开发的。他们表示该系统将证书数据存储在NEM的区块链上,当系统扫描出打印在学位证书上的二维码时,“在几秒钟的时间内”就会提供学位证书的在线验证。

在这个区块链项目实施的第一阶段,将于11月10日毕业的IUM学院博士生们成为了其第一批用户,他们的学位证书将登入到该系统中。马来西亚教育部说,它正在鼓励其他大学加入这个联盟中来。

教育部随后继续补充说道:

“尽管其它区块链也可以构建这样的系统,但我们选择NEM是因其具有管理可追溯性和认证需求方面的独特特性。”

Malaysia's education ministry has formed a new consortium of universities to harness blockchain tech in tackling the massive industry in fake certificates.

The Ministry of Education announced in a press release posted on Twitter Thursday, that alongside the new consortium of six universities, it has launched a blockchain-based system called e-Scroll for the issuance and verification of university degrees.

The solution, it said, was prompted by a rise in cases of fraudulent degrees and the ease with which they can be obtained over the internet.

Citing a BBC Radio report describing a "staggering" trade in fake degree certificates from January, the MoE said "buyers are prepared to spend up to half a million pounds on bogus documents," adding that, "such a scenario is also not unheard of in Malaysia."

The ministry said the idea of a blockchain-based system was first introduced in January by the Council of ICT Deans, and it is expected to improve efficiency, alongside proving certificate provenance.

The release states that Malaysian universities currently receive "thousands of requests globally" to verify graduates – a process still largely done via telephone and emails, "which contribute to its inefficiency."

Developed by a team from the International Islamic University (IIUM), the MoE said the system stores the certificate data on the NEM blockchain and provides an online verification "in a few seconds" when a QR code printed on the degree certificate is scanned.

For the first phase of the project, PhD students from IIUM graduating on Nov. 10 will have their degree certificates logged on the system. The ministry said it is encouraging other universities to join the consortium.

"Although, such a system can also be built using other blockchains, NEM was chosen due to its unique features in managing traceability and authentication requirements," it added.

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