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站在加密货币监管十字路口的越南

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯监管与政策

站在加密货币监管十字路口的越南

近日,越南当局正在加密货币该如何监管的路口徘徊不前,监管当局仍然在考虑监管加密货币领域的方法。司法部已经提交了一些替代的解决方案,同时,该国工业和贸易部表示了对禁止采矿设备进口的反对。

据悉,越南司法部已向政府提交了一份报告,包含了对当前立法情况的回顾以及对该国加密货币相关业务活动的评估。报告的作者还就他们认为有必要的变更提出了一些建议。

该部门探讨了在世界不同地区采用的三种替代的政策。第一种方法称为“浮动”,即实施相对宽松的监管制度;第二种称为“禁止”;第三种则是在某些特定情况下使数字资产交易合法化。

越南民事和经济法司司长Nguyen Thanh Tu指出,该部门调查了越南和其他国家加密货币的发展情况,并对这些趋势的利弊进行了分析,而这些分析也将成为越南政府进一步考虑的基础。他还补充道,在当局选择其想要遵循的趋势后,相关部委将建立适当的法律框架来管理数字资产和货币。

但与此同时,越南当局尚未对加密货币做出最终决定。中央银行曾表示并不承认加密货币是法定货币。今年7月,央行表示它并没有参与管理越南境内比特币流通的任何工作,并警告虚拟货币不能用于支付。同时,越南证券监管机构曾提醒公司及基金远离加密货币。越南总理阮春福(Nguyen Xuan Phuc)已经下令相关机构相关机构起草围绕加密货币相关行业的法律框架。

而在加密货币开采方面,该国财政部于去年夏天提出暂停进口采矿设备。然而,并非所有机构都赞成这项禁令。例如,工业和贸易部就对这项禁令表示担忧,并警告该措施将影响使用此类硬件的所有业务。目前,它已向总理办公室提交了一份提案,要求对这些设备进行研究和分类,然后再对其进口实施限制。

Vietnamese authorities are still considering their approach to regulating the cryptocurrency space. The Ministry of Justice has put forward several alternative solutions and the Ministry of Industry and Trade has expressed its opposition to the ban on imports of mining equipment.

Justice Ministry Reports on Regulatory Approaches

Vietnam’s Ministry of Justice has submitted а report to the government in Hanoi that contains a review of the current legislation and an assessment of cryptocurrency-related business activities in the country. The authors of the document have also made a number of proposals about changes they consider necessary.

The ministry explores three alternative policies applied in different parts of the world. The first approach, referred to as “floating,” involves the implementation of a relatively lax regulatory regime. The second called “prohibiting” is pretty much self-explanatory. And the third option is to legalize digital asset transactions under certain conditions.

The ministry has surveyed the development of cryptocurrencies in Vietnam and abroad. The pros and cons of the examined trends have been analyzed, pointed out Nguyen Thanh Tu, director of the Department of Civil and Economic Laws. The conducted analysis will form the basis for further considerations by the Vietnamese government, Tu said, as quoted by Vietnamnet.

Relevant ministries and departments will build an appropriate legal framework to govern digital assets and currencies after the executive power chooses the trend it wants to follow, the official added. He believes Hanoi should balance the risks and the potential associated with cryptocurrencies to ensure that investors benefit from them and to support the development of crypto technology in general.

Vietnam Still Undecided About Cryptocurrencies

Vietnamese authorities have not taken a final decision on cryptocurrencies yet. The country’s central bank has clearly stated that it does not recognize them as legal tender. In July, the bank said it’s not involved in any efforts to manage the circulation of bitcoin in Vietnam and warned that virtual coins cannot be used for payments. In July, the Vietnamese securities regulator told companies and investment funds to stay away from cryptocurrencies. Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc ordered relevant agencies to draft a legal framework for cryptocurrencies and the industry built around them.

According to an estimate quoted by Vi?t Nam News, around 1 percent of Vietnam’s population currently uses cryptocurrencies. In a country of 95 million people that’s almost a million crypto enthusiasts. Their number is expected to increase 30 times within the next decade. Local digital asset exchanges have been accelerating the proliferation of cryptocurrencies. Ho Chi Minh City-headquartered Bitcoin Vietnam is currently the most popular, as reported by Cryptocurrencyhub. The company that operates it also launched the Vbtc trading platform. Kenniex is a new exchange that started trading in May of this year. Platforms such as Remitano, Mesito and Localbitcoins offer peer-to-peer services on the Vietnamese crypto market.

Trade Ministry Objects to Ban on Imports of Mining Equipment

Cryptocurrency mining has become a source of income for many Vietnamese companies and ordinary citizens, but the business of minting digital coins is not exactly popular with some Vietnamese authorities. This past summer, the country’s Finance Ministry proposed a suspension of imports of mining equipment – a measure that the State Bank of Vietnam and the Ministry of Public Security supported. According to statistical data provided by the General Department of Vietnam Customs, more than 27,000 mining components have been imported into the country in 2017 and over 15,000 in the first five months of this year.

Not all institutions, however, are in favor of the ban. For instance, the Ministry of Industry and Trade has expressed concerns over the planned suspension, warning that the measure would affect all businesses using such hardware. It has submitted a proposal to the Prime Minister’s office to study and classify these devices before imposing any restrictions on their import. The Ministry of Information and Communications has already divided them into two categories, ASICs and GPUs, noting that video cards have other applications besides mining.

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区块科技研究与监管未央青年

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