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区块链国际资讯

家乐福在西班牙布局区块链,上线食品溯源平台

近日,法国零售巨头家乐福在其位于西班牙的网络中部署了一个基于超级账本(Hyperledger)的区块链食品溯源平台。

这一食品溯源的解决方案最初是由美国科技公司IBM开发的,它将被用于追踪那些在西班牙加利西亚北部地区未经抗生素处理而饲养的品牌为Calidad y Origen(质量和来源)的散养鸡。在家乐福位于西班牙的网络中,每个鸡肉包裹都会贴有二维码,从而提供关于鸡的出生日期、营养类型、包装日期等详细信息。

家乐福在其新闻稿中写道,区块链是供应链的关键技术,因为它提供了更大的透明度,并允许客户审查整个分销流程。此外,该公司还计划在不久的将来将去中心化技术的应用范围扩大到Calidad y Origen系列的所有食品上。

正如Cointelegraph早些时候报道的那样,家乐福已经在2018年初测试了对法国禽类的区块链溯源项目,并表示其将致力于去中心化的解决方案。

在今年10月,这家零售巨头宣布将加入IBM于2016年成立的区块链食品信托基金。自今年8月份开始试用以来,雀巢、联合利华和沃尔玛等主要零售商和公司也相继加入了这个项目。

其他拥有大型供应链的公司也经常采用区块链技术以提高透明度,降低成本,并减少食品配送时间。例如,沃尔玛在其绿叶蔬菜产品上使用了一个农场到商店的区块链溯源系统,而美国快餐沙拉连锁店Sweetgreen正计划以同样的方式追踪其沙拉的分装运输过程。

此外,全球四大农业公司(被称为ABCD)也通过使用区块链和人工智能(AI)来将谷物和油籽交易后的执行过程自动化,这曾被认为是供应链中一个高度手工化、成本高昂的环节。

Retail giant Carrefour, headquartered in France and operating in more than 30 countries, is deploying a blockchain food tracking platform based on Hyperledger in its Spanish network, a press release states Tuesday, Nov. 20.

The food tracking solution, initially developed by U.S. tech corporation IBM, will be used to track free-range chickens branded as “Calidad y Origen” (“Quality and Origin”) that were raised in the northern region of Galicia without antibiotic treatment. Each package in the Spanish network will be marked by a QR code providing detailed info on the chicken’s date of birth, type of nutrition, packing date, and more.

In the press release, Carrefour writes that blockchain is a key technology for supply chains, as it provides greater transparency and allows customers to review the entire distribution process. In the nearest future, the company is planning to extend the use of decentralized technologies, implementing them to all food from the “Calidad y Origen” line.

As Cointelegraph reported earlier, Carrefour already tested blockchain tracking for French poultry in early 2018, expressing its commitment to decentralized solutions.

In October, the retail giant announced it was joining IBM’s blockchain-based Food Trust that had been created back in 2016. Since the launch of the trials in August, the program has been joined by major retailers and companies, such as Nestle SA, Unilever NV, and Walmart.

Other firms with large supply chains have often applied blockchain in order to increase transparency, cut costs, and reduce time spent on food delivery. For instance, Walmart uses a farm-to-store blockchain tracking system for its leafy greens, while U.S. fast-casual salad chain Sweetgreen is planning to trace its salads in the same way.

As well, the world’s four largest agriculture companies, mostly known as ABCD, use blockchain and artificial intelligence (AI) to automate grain and oilseed post-trade execution processes, considered to be a highly manual and costly part of the supply chain.

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