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澳洲推出区块链ID系统,8大政府机构参与试点

区块链国际资讯

澳洲推出区块链ID系统,8大政府机构参与试点

几乎每个国家的政府部门都管理着成百上千个数据库,里面都是公民个人的隐私信息。虽然政府机构的信息保密工作做得并不完美,但是澳大利亚政府正在尝试利用区块链这项创新技术,来对这些庞大的数据可进行高效管理。

目前面临的问题是,缺乏一个可信赖的数据中心,对这些政府部门的数据库以高效、便捷的方式进行统一管理和更新。

从摇篮到坟墓,从民政局到公路局,几乎所有政府部门都在以较为低效的方式搜集信息填补数据库空缺。传统的信息管理方式对于政府部门来说,消耗了大量的人力资源;对于依赖这些准确信息生存的个人和企业来说,代价昂贵并且申请流程较为复杂。

为了解决数据库分布过于分散、信息不完整的问题,澳大利亚政府推出了基于区块链技术的身份识别系统Govpass。在接下来的一年中,将有多达八家大型政府服务机构将试行Govpass,将会有50多万澳大利亚居民参与其中。一旦全面推行,在政府部门办事时,澳大利亚人将能够以更安全、更便捷的方式证明自己是谁。

Govpass系统的核心技术是区块链。区块链技术的优点是多方面的,用可即时更新的统一数据库取代各个部门单独的数据库。在实现高效管理的同时降低人工成本,实现隐私保护。

澳大利亚知识产权局(IP Australia)可能很快会采用区块链技术进行专利管理,重新唤醒这个市场的流动性。澳大利亚农业水利部也正在研究区块链平台管理这个价值160亿美元的水权交易市场的可能性。这项技术在土地管理方面也很有潜力。

消除第三方和传统流程的繁琐,是各国政府探索区块链应用场景的共同主题,区块链在节省公共开支方面的潜力是不可估量的。

Government departments the country over manage thousands of databases. A lot of it is our private information. Governments do not have an enviable track record at keeping information private, let alone up to date. Yes, governments are trying new ways to innovate. However, stories of breaches and errors are increasingly making the news here and abroad.

The lack of a central, trustworthy repository means that some databases are up-to-date while others are not, and that government processes can be left to become slow and tedious.

All across government, from Births, Deaths and Marriages to Vicroads, from the Department of Immigration to the Australian Tax Office, time is wasted trying to find information and reconcile incomplete data sets. These inefficient processes are expensive both for the state, and for the people and businesses that rely on such information being accurate and readily available.

To tackle the problem of widely dispersed, incomplete databases, the Australian government is rolling out Govpass. Over the next year, as many as eight high-volume government services will pilot the digital identity system. It will involve more than 500,000 Australians. Once fully rolled out, it will be safer and easier than ever before for Australians to prove who they are when dealing with the government.

A core component of the Govpass system will be blockchain technology. The advantages of blockchain in this situation are manifold. All arms of government will be able to do away with their own databases, and instead can access and update a single identity database shared by all. This will dramatically reduce the armies of public servants often required to oversee what can be more efficiently and competently managed by technology.

Blockchain’s application in government could soon be used by IP Australia to manage patent registries and improve the notoriously illiquid patent market. Similarly, blockchain has great potential for managing land registries, as is already done in India. The Department of Agriculture and Water Resources is investigating the possibility of using a blockchain platform for water trading in Australia’s $16 billion water market.

The common theme of all civic use cases of blockchain technology around the world is that they enable streamlining of government and the removal of red tape. Blockchain’s inherent trustworthiness and immutability eliminates the need for endless numbers of bureaucratic middlemen managing endless numbers of incomplete databases. The potential savings in public expenditure are enormous.

As Liberals, we are relentlessly determined to make government not only smaller but smarter. Where we see an opportunity to make government smaller, faster and more efficient, we must take it. Blockchain is an opportunity to do just that.

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