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韩国国会首次就加密货币问题展开辩论

12月10日,韩国国会的几位议员将与政府高官一起,就加密货币问题举行首次官方辩论。

预期辩论的要点

此次会议由韩国最大的加密货币交易所Upbit、Bithumb、Korbit、Gopax和Coinone来安排,届时,数字资产交易平台和场外(OTC)交易所的高管们将与国会议员讨论政府对加密货币的监管范围。

要点1:加密货币交易所的透明性和效率

上个月,韩国政府和金融服务委员会(FSC)正式允许该国银行通过提供虚拟银行账户与加密货币交易所和区块链相关业务进行合作。

与此同时,韩国加密货币交易所的运营商已经要求政府继续执行今年1月份发布的指导意见,该指导意见禁止个人使用未经证实的银行账户进行加密货币交易。尽管目前韩国金融服务委员会已经为加密货币交易开了绿灯,但一些小型的数字资产交易所仍难以从大型商业银行那里获得稳定的银行服务。

此外,由于严格的资本管制,许多韩国本地平台上的加密货币投资者仍然无法使用银行账户将大量资金的汇往海外,这也进一步限制了加密货币交易所向海外市场扩张的能力。

要点2:确定加密货币交易所的重要性

在过去11个月的时间里,韩国政府一直在积极鼓励区块链技术在该国的发展,并采取了各种措施,在地区层面上为初创企业创造了一个充满活力的生态系统。

此外,韩国政府承认区块链是第四次工业革命的四大核心支柱之一,政府还与当地公司合作来为区块链生态系统引进年轻的人才。

根据韩国主流媒体Hankyoreh的说法,韩国政府希望数字资产交易平台在向投资者提供流动性方面起到至关重要的作用,并认识到一个透明、高效的加密货币交易所市场对于区块链领域长期发展的重要性。

要点3:确立切实可行的监管框架的重要性

韩国的加密货币交易所和政府机构都认为合理的监管框架对于本地市场持续快速增长是必要的,但这些监管政策必须是切实可行的。

韩国最大的数字资产交易所Upbit的运营商、Kakao的子公司Dunamu的Lee Seok-wu将领导一个由瑞银前高管、韩国自贸区主席、Gopax总裁和金融服务委员会成员在内的座谈小组。

韩国政府实施的包括禁止匿名加密货币账户,以及要求建立一个强大的内部管理系统的大部分政策,都让市场上的投资者对加密货币相关公司有了一定的信任。

但区块链领域的交易所和初创企业担心,随着20国集团呼吁对加密货币市场实施更严格的监管,未来政府可能会对这一领域进行过度监管。

韩国的举措会对加密货币市场产生积极影响么?

在韩国促进一个新兴资产类别和一个相对新兴行业的增长过程中,企业与政府机构、官员、国会之间的沟通是必要的。

随着韩国政府持续将加密货币公司纳入到其所实施的新政策中,它可以让当地市场提前做好准备,并与监管机构合作来加强建设加密货币相关的基础设施。

On December 10, South Korea’s National Assembly along with several members of the Congress are set to hold the country’s first official debate around crypto involving high profile government officials.

Expected Talking Points of the Debate

The meeting, arranged by the local market’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges including Upbit, Bithumb, Korbit, Gopax, and Coinone, will have executives of digital asset trading platforms and over-the-counter (OTC) exchanges discuss the regulatory scope of the government on crypto with members of the Congress.

Point 1: Transparency and Efficiency of Crypto Exchanges

Last month, the government of South Korea and the Financial Services Commission (FSC) officially allowed banks to work with cryptocurrency exchanges and blockchain-related businesses by providing virtual bank accounts.

However, the operators of cryptocurrency exchanges have requested the government to follow up on the guideline it released in January that prohibits individuals from trading with unconfirmed bank accounts. Currently, despite the FSC’s green light, small digital asset exchanges are struggling to obtain stable banking services from large commercial banks.

Additionally, due to strict capital controls, many cryptocurrency investors on local platforms are unable to send large amounts abroad using their bank accounts, restricting the ability of cryptocurrency exchanges to expand their operations into overseas markets.

Point 2: Establishing the Importance of Crypto Exchanges

Throughout the past 11 months, the government of South Korea has aggressively encouraged the development of blockchain technology by leading various initiatives and creating a vibrant ecosystem for startups at a regional level.

The government recognized the blockchain as one of the four core pillars of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and has worked with companies in the local market to bring in young talents into the ecosystem.

According to Hankyoreh, a mainstream media outlet that is assisting the country’s leading cryptocurrency exchanges in hosting the debate, the government wants digital asset trading platforms to take upon a vital role in providing liquidity to investors and recognize the importance of a transparent and efficient cryptocurrency exchange market for the long-term growth of the blockchain space.

Point 3: Establishing the Importance of Practical Regulatory Frameworks

Both cryptocurrency exchanges and government agencies agree that regulatory frameworks are necessary for the local market to continue to increase at a rapid rate but the policies need to be practical.

Lee Seok-wu, the president of Dunamu, a subsidiary of Kakao that operates Upbit, the country’s largest digital asset exchange, is set to lead a panel participated by a former UBS executive, the chairman of KFTA, Gopax president, and members of the FSC.

Most of the policies the government of South Korea has implemented including its ban on anonymous cryptocurrency accounts and requirement of a strong internal management system have allowed investors in the market to build trust towards cryptocurrency-related companies.

But, exchanges and startups in the blockchain space fear that the government could over-regulate the space in the future, with the G20’s call for stricter regulations in the cryptocurrency market.

Will it Have a Positive Impact on the Market?

Communication between businesses and government agencies, officials, and commissions is necessary especially in the process of facilitating the growth of an emerging asset class and a relatively new industry.

As the government continues to include cryptocurrency companies in the loop in the process of implementing new policies, it could allow the local market to be prepared and work with the regulators to strengthen the infrastructure surrounding the asset class.

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