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欧盟议会呼吁:加强在贸易中应用区块链

区块链国际资讯

欧盟议会呼吁:加强在贸易中应用区块链

上周四,欧盟立法机构通过了一项名为《区块链:前瞻性贸易政策》的决议,决议中阐述了应如何利用新兴技术来改善欧盟包括自由贸易和互认协议在内的贸易政策。

欧盟议会表示,区块链可以提高供应链中的透明度、简化贸易进程、降低成本和防止腐败、洞察偷税行为,以及提高了数据的安全性。此外,欧盟议会还补充道,网络安全问题目前仍是一项关键挑战。

该决议解释道,之前的贸易成功并不能表示欧盟的自由贸易协定已经得到充分应用。且平均而言,在欧盟及其伙伴国之中,只有67%的出口商和90%进口商可享有关税优惠政策。

议会还表示,区块链技术的使用,将允许交易员将所有的相关文件(包括与合规性有关文件)都上传到一个地址中,并以此来完成优惠关税。同时,该技术还将帮助关部门自动提取缔约方的信息,并改进贸易和验证流程。

议会还指出,中小型企业同样也可以受益于区块链,因为贸易双方可以使用智能合约来实现更好的沟通、更安全的交易,以及更简化的业务流程。议会也强调,有必要制定“全球互操作性标准”来推动跨区块链的交易,从而实现更流畅的供应链流程。

议会进一步呼吁欧委会对全球正在进行的区块链试点项目进行追踪,并起草出国际贸易中区块链应用的规则草案,此外还应在贸易总司内设立一个区块链咨询委员会。

最后,议会表示:

“欧盟有机会成为区块链和国际贸易领域的领军者,且欧盟也应该成为全球化发展过程的有力推动者。”

此项决议标志着欧盟地区在区块链采用方面了又迈出了积极且坚实的一步。本月早些时候,七个南欧国家(法国、希腊、意大利、马耳他、塞浦路斯、葡萄牙以西班牙)签署了一份联合声明来促进各国内区块链的应用,并以此来实现经济转型。

The European Parliament (EP) has called for measures to boost blockchain adoption in trade and business across the region.

The legislative body adopted a resolution on Thursday, dubbed “Blockchain: a forward-looking trade policy,” setting out how the nascent technology could improve EU trade policies, including free trade and mutual recognition agreements.

Blockchain could improve supply chain transparency, streamline trade processes, reduce costs and corruption, detect tax evasion and improve the security of data, the EP said. Cybersecurity, it added, remains a key challenge, however.

The resolution went on to explain that, despite previous trade successes, EU free trade agreements still remain underutilized. On an average, only 67 percent of exporters and 90 percent of importers make use of the preferential tariffs in the EU and its partner nations.

Using blockchain tech, traders could upload all their documents in one place, including those related to compliance, to benefit from the preferential tariffs, it said. The tech could also help authorities to automatically get information from these parties and improve verification and trade processes.

Small- and medium-sized enterprises could also benefit from blockchain, the EP says, as it would allow better communication between parties, secure payments and simplify business through the use of smart contracts.

The institution stressed the need to develop “global interoperability standards” to facilitate transactions across blockchains for smoother supply chain processes.

It further called on the European Commission to track ongoing global supply chain pilot projects and draft rules for blockchain’s applicability to international trade, as well as to set up an advisory committee on blockchain within the Directorate General for Trade, among other requests.

Lastly, the European Parliament reminded the commission that:

“The EU has an opportunity to become a leading actor in the field of blockchain and international trade, and that it should be an influential actor in shaping its development globally, together with international partners.”

The resolution marks the latest positive step toward blockchain adoption in the EU region. Earlier this month, seven southern European states – France, Italy, Spain, Malta, Cyprus, Portugal and Spain – signed a joint declaration to promote the use of blockchain in order to transform their economies.

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