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美国国会议员:计划将加密货币排除在SEC的证券定义之外

据Cointelegraph 12月21日报道,两名美国国会议员在众议院提出一项法案,计划将数字资产排除在证券的范畴之外。

由美国议员Warren Davidson和Darren Soto提出的《2018年通证分类法案》,试图通过修改1933年和1934年的《证券法》,将数字货币排除在证券的定义之外。该法案特别呼吁道:

考虑到数字单位是由公钥密码学来保障安全的,美国证券交易委员会应制定相关的监管改革,调整个人退休账户中虚拟货币的税收额度,创建一个具有免税豁免的虚拟货币交易所,当通过出售或通过虚拟货币进行交易及其他目的而获利时,给予税收的低额豁免。

该文件进一步规定,美国财政部部长应发布法规,规定提供确认数字货币交易回报相关的收益或损失信息。

Davidson宣布,他计划在12月初将这一提案引入立法,并为加密货币和数字资产创建一个“资产类别”。他表示这项法律“将防止加密货币被归类为证券,但也将允许联邦政府更有效地监管首次代币发行的行为。”

该法案是在Davidson于今年9月份参加了国会“加密货币圆桌会议”后提出的。来自华尔街的主要公司和加密货币公司的超过45名代表告诉立法者,首次代币发行(ICO)和数字货币的监管明显缺乏透明度,而一些与会者辩称目前的监管不仅含糊不清,而且已经过时。

Davidson在今年11月的晚些时候宣布他计划推出一项法案,允许首次代币发行“回避”美国证券法,并建议将ICO视为产品,而不是被联邦和州视为证券。

Two United States congressmen introduced a bill in the House of Representatives on Dec. 20 that would exclude digital assets from being defined as securities.

The “Token Taxonomy Act of 2018” was introduced by Reps. Warren Davidson (R) and Darren Soto (D) and seeks to exclude digital currencies from being defined as securities by amending the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Act of 1934. The bill especially calls to:

“… direct the Securities and Exchange Commission to enact certain regulatory changes regarding digital units secured through public key cryptography, to adjust taxation of virtual currencies held in individual retirement accounts, to create a tax exemption for exchanges of one virtual currency for an-other, to create a de minimis exemption from taxation for gains realized from the sale or exchange of virtual currency for other than cash, and for other purposes.”

The document further defines that the Secretary of the Treasury should issue regulations providing information for returns on transactions in digital currency for which gain or loss is recognized.

Davidson announced plans to introduce legislation to create an “asset class” for cryptocurrencies and digital assets in the beginning of December. He stated that the law “would prevent them from being classified as securities, but would also allow the federal government to regulate initial coin offerings more effectively.”

The bill follows a Congressional “crypto roundtable” held by Davidson in September. Over 45 representatives from major Wall Street firms and crypto companies told lawmakers that there is a pronounced lack of regulatory clarity for initial coin offerings (ICOs) and digital currencies, while some participants argued that current regulations were not only vague, but outdated.

Later in November, Davidson announced plans to introduce a bill that would allow ICOs to “sidestep” U.S. securities laws and propose that ICOs be treated as products rather than as securities at the federal and state level.

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