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意大利重拳出击:本月第三次发布加密货币禁令

专栏全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯监管与政策

意大利重拳出击:本月第三次发布加密货币禁令

根据一份官方声明,意大利金融市场监管机构——意大利国家公司和证券交易所(CONSOB)以涉嫌提供未经授权的投资服务为由,向一个与加密货币有关的项目下达了禁令。

CONSOB成立于1974年,是负责监管意大利证券市场的意大利政府机构。被CONSOB禁止运营的公司Avacrypto未经授权向意大利公众提供服务,包括通过其网站www.avacrypto.com进行运营。目前,Avacrypto的网站已无法访问。

12月早些时候,CONSOB曾叫停了另外两个涉嫌提供欺诈性加密货币投资项目的运营,为期90天。

虽然意大利还没有出台关于数字货币的既定规定,但其经济和财政部的财政部门一直在制定一项法令,旨在对该国加密货币的使用进行分类。该法令专门用于定义“与使用数字货币有关的服务提供商”应何时以及如何向该部门报告其活动。

该立法旨在避免与加密货币有关的任何非法活动,特别是洗钱行为。该法令对“虚拟货币”的定义为,“价值的数字化表示,不是由中央银行或公共机构发行的,不一定与法定货币相关,用作购买货物的交换工具或服务,电子化转移,储存和交易”。

今年6月下旬,意大利银行副行长Fabio Panetta分享了他对央行数字货币的看法。他表示,“发行数字货币的一个关键的潜在理由是能够降低生产,运输和处置现金的成本。”他还表示,与私营部门提供的现有数字支付机制相比,数字货币的优势还尚不清晰。

The financial regulator of Italy has barred a cryptocurrency-related project from operations for the provision of allegedly unauthorized investment services, according to an official statement published Dec. 14.

Founded in 1974, the Italian National Commission for Companies and the Stock Exchange — or Commissione Nazionale per le Società e la Borsa (CONSOB) — is the government authority of Italy responsible for regulating the Italian securities market.

The company prohibited by the CONSOB, Avacrypto, allegedly offered its services to the Italian public without the required authorization, including operating through the website www.avacrypto.com. At press time, Avacrypto’s website is not accessible.

Earlier in December, the CONSOB suspended two other projects for a 90-day period for allegedly offering fraudulent cryptocurrency investment schemes. Both firms suspended by the CONSOB — Bitsurge Token and Green Energy Certificates — are allegedly scam projects from Avalon Life, a company that is not based in the European Union (EU).

While there is no established regulation in regards to digital currencies in Italy, the country’s Treasury Department of the Ministry of Economy and Finance had been working on a decree in the spring that aims to classify the use of crypto in the country. The decree was specifically set to define how and when “service providers related to the use of digital currency” should report their activities to the Ministry.

The legislation aims to avoid any unlawful activity associated with cryptocurrencies, in particular money laundering. However, compliance with Anti-Money Laundering (AML) laws when acting with cryptocurrencies on a professional level had already been clarified on May 25, 2017, in the Legislative Decree № 90.

The definition of “virtual currency” is explained in the decree as a: “digital representation of value, not issued by a central bank or a public authority, not necessarily related to a fiat currency, used as a tool of exchange for purchasing goods or services, and electronically transferred, stored and traded.”

Later in June, Fabio Panetta, deputy governor of the Bank of Italy, shared his views concerning central bank digital currencies.

Panetta stated that a key potential justification for their issuance was to reduce costs in the production, transportation and disposal of cash. He also considered their advantages as “at best unclear” when compared with the existing digital payment mechanisms offered by the private sector.

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