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爱尔兰加密货币监管法规即将出台

全新的互联网金融模式国际资讯监管与政策

爱尔兰加密货币监管法规即将出台

过去一年,加密货币出现了大幅波动,市场中也相继出现了一系列区块链和代币项目,这让各国监管机构都认识到,出台加密产业监管政策势在必行。

近日据CryptoGlobe报道,爱尔兰内阁宣布将进行立法,进一步加强加密产业监管。

目前,这一法案还有待爱尔兰国家立法机构审查。该法案属于爱尔兰第五次反洗钱指令的一部分,同时也是欧洲地区打击恐怖主义融资的举措之一。

据了解,包括加密货币、加密货币交易所和加密货币钱包供应商等将受到这一新指令的监管。此外,根据爱尔兰《刑事司法修正案(2019)》,爱尔兰犯罪资产局和爱尔兰警方有权在反洗钱调查中获取银行记录。

然而在相距万里之外的印度,加密产业监管似乎陷入了僵局。2019年初印度政府表示,由于没有适用于全球的加密产业可行技术方案,目前一切还有待进一步研究。

目前,加密货币在印度仍不被视为法定货币,而且印度政府也没有计划发行国家背书的加密数字货币。此外,印度政府还表示将持续关注加密货币引发的洗钱和网络安全风险。

金融稳定委员会(FSB)是由20个国家共同组成的一个行业组织机构,而印度就是其中一员。此前FSB研究认为,快速增长的加密产业上不足以对全球金融稳定构成风险。不过,美国证券交易所(SEC)可能会在2019年出台一套适用于本国的加密监管法规,这或许可能成为其他FSB成员国家加密货币监管的一个模板或参考。

 

 

 

The volatility of cryptos — and the emergence of any number of blockchain and tokenization projects through the last year — has invited fresh regulatory scrutiny of digital currencies.

In Ireland, reported CryptoGlobe, the Irish cabinet has approved legislation that will bring more regulation to the sector. The site noted that the new rules still await passage by the country’s legislative body.

The bill, tied to cryptos, is part of the Fifth Anti-Money Laundering (AML) Directive, which is part of a pan-European mandate to, among other things, combat terrorist financing through Know Your Customer (KYC) and other measures.

With the new directive, cryptos fall under that mandate. In addition, the legislation is focused on crypto exchanges and wallet providers, with Ireland’s legislation — known as the Criminal Justice Amendment Bill of 2019 — also letting the Criminal Assets Bureau and Garda access bank records amid money laundering investigations, as reported by TheCryptoUpdates.

Separately, in India, the action toward crypto regulation seems to be … inaction. The new year dawned with the government’s statement that there is an “absence of a globally acceptable solution, and the need to devise a technically feasible solution” … and it all warrants “further study.”

The statement comes as cryptocurrencies are still not being recognized as legal tender. Against that backdrop, there are, at present, no plans for the nation to issue a state-backed cryptocurrency, as the government has pointed toward continuing concerns over money laundering and cyber risks.

One caveat, as noted in this space last week, is that India is among several nations that make up the Financial Stability Board (FSB), which has 20 nations on its roster. The FSB said it has reviewed the rapid growth of crypto and has found that “crypto assets do not pose risks to global financial stability currently.” That may open the door to revisiting the issue, as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) may have its own set of regulations forthcoming in 2019, where those regulations can serve as a de facto template for crypto adoption in other nations moving forward.

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