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印度加密货币或将合法化?

据外媒近日报道,印度的加密货币持有者有理由在新的一年里保持微笑,因为在该国持有加密货币可能很快就会合法化。

据《印度快报》(Indian Express)报道,政府委员会已经就此事召开了两次会议,可能会在下个月向印度财政部提交一份报告。据消息人士透露,加密货币的合法化将在严格的条件下进行:

“我们已经开过两次会了。人们普遍认为,加密货币不能被认为是完全非法的。它需要通过强有力的附加条款来合法化。讨论正在持续中。我们很快就会弄清楚。”

除了举行会议外,这个跨学科小组还咨询了加密货币交易所和专家的意见,目前正计划与法务部讨论法律问题。

完全禁止

该跨部级委员会于去年成立,是该国第二个专注于加密货币监管的委员会。早在2017年3月,为解决加密货币问题而成立的第一个政府小组就建议在当年晚些时候全面禁止这个全球第二大人口大国的数字资产。

在第一委员会的建议之下,印度央行(Reserve Bank of India)继续宣布加密货币非法。印度央行监管的所有金融机构都被禁止向企业提供加密货币服务。目前的这个委员会是在最高法院对加密货币禁令提出质疑后成立的。

第一委员会的成员包括印度储备银行、财政部、内政部、电子和信息技术部、印度国家转型机构(NITI Aayog)、印度国家银行和中央直税局。第二个小组的成员除了上述机构之外,还包括印度证券交易委员会。

印度的加密货币寒冬

由于印度央行的这项全面禁令,一些加密货币公司不得不关闭,其中包括Zebpay交易所,该公司去年9月停止了在印度的业务。

正如CCN所报道的,该交易所援引印度央行的指令称,这是其麻烦的根源:

“对银行账户的限制削弱了我们和客户进行有意义交易的能力。目前,我们还无法找到一种合理的方式来进行加密货币交易所业务。”

这并不是印度第一次有报告提出加密货币可能在该国合法化的希望。去年年中,有报道称,这个跨部门加密货币小组不赞成全面禁止加密货币,而倾向于允许受监管的数字资产交易。

HODLers in India have a reason to smile in the New Year as holding cryptocurrencies in the country could soon be legalized.

According to The New Indian Express, a government committee has already met twice on the matter and a report is likely to be submitted to the country’s Ministry of Finance next month. Per a source who spoke to the publication, the legalization cryptocurrencies will happen under strict conditions:

We have already had two meetings. There is a general consensus that cryptocurrency cannot be dismissed as completely illegal. It needs to be legalised with strong riders. Deliberations are on. We will have more clarity soon.

Besides holding meetings, the inter-disciplinary panel has also consulted crypto exchanges and experts and is now planning on deliberating on legal matters with the law ministry.

Total Ban

The inter-ministerial committee was formed last year and is the second one to focus on cryptocurrency regulation. It was constituted after the first government panel formed to address the issue of cryptocurrencies back in March 2017 recommended a total ban on digital assets in the world’s second most populous country later that year.

After the recommendation by the first panel, the Reserve Bank of India went on to declare cryptocurrencies illegal. Consequently, all financial institutions regulated by India’s central bank were forbidden from offering services to crypto businesses. The current inter-ministerial committee was constituted after the cryptocurrency ban was challenged in the Supreme Court.

Members of the first committee included India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog), the State Bank of India and the Central Board of Direct Taxes. The second panel draws members from the same institutions in addition to the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

India’s Crypto Winter

As a result of the sweeping ban some cryptocurrency firms had to shut down and this included Zebpay exchange which ceased its Indian operations last year in September.

As CCN reported, the exchange citing the directive by the Reserve Bank of India as the source of its troubles:

The curb on bank accounts has crippled our, and our customer’s, ability to transact business meaningfully. At this point, we are unable to find a reasonable way to conduct the cryptocurrency exchange business.

This would not be the first time a report is emerging in India raising hopes that cryptocurrencies could be legalized. Mid last year, it was reported that the inter-ministerial panel on crypto was not in favor of a total cryptocurrency ban and preferred allowing the regulated trading of digital assets instead.

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