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金融科技创企Plaid入选2018年硅谷十大独角兽企业名单

专栏国际资讯

金融科技创企Plaid入选2018年硅谷十大独角兽企业名单

2018年,硅谷又出现了不少独角兽企业。

据《硅谷商业期刊》报道,在美国整体经济增长环境向好的推动下,风投资本家过去一年至少投资了32家创企估值突破10亿美元的创企。以下便是2018年硅谷地区估值最高的10家独角兽创企:

新的独角兽数量虽然在增加,但IPO速度却没有跟上。今年硅谷取得独角兽地位的创企数量是上市创企数量的4倍。创企最终必须上市或被收购才能证明它们的超高估值。

这就造成了某种独角兽拥堵上市的现象。Renaissance Capital表示,2018年有190家公司上市,为2014年以来之最。其中52家是科技公司。明年可能更多,因为Uber、Lyft和Palantir都预计上市。

CBInsights估计,美国现在已经有150家创企估值在10亿美元及以上,而除美国之外的国际市场中也至少有144家估值达到独角兽规模的企业,但许多家的财务状况或是增长数字并不尽如人意,无法像投资者期望的那样上市。

科技巨头延续在小公司上市前并购的潮流,价格通常高于估值。比如,Workday今年在金融科技公司Adaptive Insights上市两天前将之买下,11月SAP以80亿美元现金在Qualtrics上市前年几天将之并购,远高于预期的IPO估值。

Silicon Valley grew a bumper crop of unicorns this year. Amid the buoyant US economy, venture capitalists minted 32 startups worth at least $1 billion in the Bay Area, reports the Silicon Valley Business Journal (pdf).

The companies range from food-delivery service DoorDash to a sneaker company beloved by techies, Allbirds.

Here are the 10 most valuable unicorns of 2018:

While the arrival of new unicorns is growing, the pace of initial public offerings (IPOs) has not kept up.  Four times more startups achieved unicorn status than went public in Silicon Valley this year.  Startups must eventually go public or be acquired to justify their stratospheric valuations.

That’s creating a sort of unicorn traffic jam. Renaissance Capital says 190 companies went public in 2018, the most since 2014. Of those, 52 were tech firms. Next year there might be even more, with Uber, Lyft, and Palantir all expected  to list on public exchanges.

CBInsights estimates there are already 150 startups valued at $1 billion or more in the US, and another 144 internationally. Yet only so many have the financials or growth numbers to hurdle over investors’ expectations for IPO.

Tech giants continue to snap up smaller companies, often at a premium, before they go public. Workday bought fintech firm Adaptive Insights two days before its IPO this year. In November, SAP bought Qualtrics for $8 billion in cash, twice the expected public valuation, just days away from its own IPO.

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