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大多数加密货币需要的是CFTC的监管而非SEC

美国国会议员Darren Soto在1月10日接受财经新闻《Cheddar》采访时表示,大多数加密货币应该由商品期货交易委员会(CFTC)和联邦贸易委员会(FTC)监管,而不应该被归类为受证券交易委员会(SEC)监管的证券。

民主党人Soto是美国佛罗里达州第九区众议院成员,今年冬天他与国会议员Ted Budd合作,共同带领两党为该国创建一个加密货币友好的监管环境。

Soto认为,除非加密货币是一种真正的证券,否则《联邦证券法》的应用将会对此市场造成一定的损害。对此,他表示,有必要更清晰地明确机构的职责范围,并为加密货币创建更精准的分类。

他表示:

“我们应该把SEC留给真正的证券,因为我们知道加密货币领域内大部分都是大宗商品以及货币交易。商品期货委员会和联邦贸易委员会都是轻触式的监管机构,且我们也已经达成共识,都认为这两个机构的监管更适用于大多数加密资产以及此类资产的交易。”

Soto反对严格监管的主要原因也是为了保持美国的全球竞争力,因为他知道在马耳他和巴巴多斯等国家内正在采取各种积极措施来促进加密行业的发展。Soto说道:

“我们往往想当然地认为美元是世界经济的基础,美元也一直在创造更大的稳定和更多的优势......但随着加密货币的更广泛采用,这种优势可能就会慢慢消失......所以我们更需要积极进取,并采取更多措施来使国家成为加密货币交易以及此类技术公司的一方沃土。”

美国目前还没有专门的监管机构来监管加密货币,并且监管机构长期以来也都在争论将虚拟货币与大众商品或证券挂钩哪一个更准确。而商品期货交易委员会则已将例如比特币等一些主要的加密货币归类为大众商品。

与此同时,美国另几家知名的监管机构却声称,大多数通过首次代币发行(ICO)出售的加密货币将被视为证券,因此将纳入证券交易委员会的监管范围。根据Howey Test(豪威测试),证券指的将资金投资于一个共同的企业,且投资者希望从该企业中(通过他人的努力)获得一定利润。

美国国税局则表示,出于联邦税收目的,该机构决定将加密货币视为财产。

United States congressman Darren Soto has said that most cryptocurrencies should not be regulated under the country’s securities regulator. Soto made his comments in an interview with financial news channel Cheddar on Jan. 10.

According to Soto, crypto should be overseen by the Commodities and Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and Federal Trade Commission (FTC) — rather than classed as securities under the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)’s charge.

Soto, a Democrat, is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives for the 9th District of Florida, and spearheaded a bipartisan effort together with congressman Ted Budd this winter to promote a robust and crypto-friendly regulatory environment in the country.

Advocating for the need to establish agencies’ jurisdiction with more clarity and to create fine-grained classifications for cryptocurrencies, the congressman argued that applying federal securities laws “can be very intense and hurt the market unless it is truly a security.”

He then outlined:

“We’ll be saving the SEC for true securities, knowing predominantly that these are commodities and currency transactions. The [CFTC and FTC] are agencies with a lighter touch and we have grown consensus among the industry that they’d be appropriate for the majority of these types of cryptocurrency transactions and the nature of these assets."

Soto made his case against heavy-handed regulation with the view to maintain the United States’ global competitiveness —  acknowledging the proactive efforts to foster the crypto industry in countries such as Malta and Barbados. Soto remarked:

“We have sometimes taken for granted that the U.S. dollar is the foundation of the world economy, and how that creates stability and advantage [...] As cryptocurrency becomes more utilized, that advantage could go away… [we] need to make sure we are aggressive and a fertile place for cryptocurrency transactions and for technology companies to be here.”

Since the U.S. does not currently have any singular regulatory body that oversees crypto regulation, regulators have long debated whether it is more accurate to align virtual currencies with commodities or securities.

The CFTC has determined some major cryptocurrencies to be commodities — most notably, Bitcoin (BTC).

Meanwhile, several prominent U.S. regulators have contended that most tokens sold via initial coin offerings (ICO) are to be deemed securities, bringing them under the purview of the SEC’s jurisdiction. According to the 70 year old Howey Test, a security involves the investment of money in a common enterprise, in which the investor expects profits primarily from others' efforts.

The Internal Revenue Service has for its part advised that for federal tax purposes, it has decided to treat cryptocurrencies as property.

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