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2018年金融科技领跑印度科技创企融资

专栏国际资讯投融资

2018年金融科技领跑印度科技创企融资

近日,印度媒体平台Inc42发布了一份名为《印度科技创企融资报告(2019)》的文件。以下是本次报告涉及的几大关键问题。

融资交易数量下降21%,总额下降16%

数据显示,2018年印度创企累计完成743次融资,总融资额达到110亿美元,共发生122起并购交易,共有11家印度创企加入了独角兽企业俱乐部。

不过报告也指出,2018年印度科技创企早期融资总量较2017年出现了显著下滑,幅度高达40%。2017年早期融资交易数量为551笔,而2018年只有331笔。不过,成长期企业融资总量变化不大,而成长后期企业融资总量反而还增长了18%。

获取融资的企业也开始逐渐分散化。2017年,4家创企获得了当年69亿美元融资的一半还多,而到了2018年,大约有9家企业“瓜分”了110亿美元融资中的54亿美元。

而从商业模式来看,B2B和B2C企业占据了融资总数的41.1%,获得了大约52.68%的融资金额。

Inc42主编Pooja Sareen表示,目前印度创企生态体系正在成熟,因为成长期和后期创企的融资在增加,但种子期创企的融资下降意味着这个生态系统还有待加强。包括天使投资税收难题、版权侵害、监控要求和电子零售数额上限等因素导致印度无法像其他全球创企中心如美国、英国和以色列那样获得现金流。

金融科技和电子商务成创企投资两大热门领域

报告显示,2018年,金融科技创企共完成121笔融资,而电子商务领域共获得21亿美元融资,两者分别占据了当年印度创企融资数量和金额的头名。

班加罗尔:崛起中的印度融资新星

2018年,班加罗尔累计完成247笔融资,排名全印度第一,而德里以224次的成绩紧随其后。

投资机构数量出现下滑

报告表示,与2017年相比,2018年参与印度科技领域投资的投资机构或个人下滑了17%。90%的天使投资者2018年只做了一笔投资,只有1%了完成了三笔及以上,其中包括Rajan Anandan和Binny Bansal各进行的6次投资。

关于2019

对于已经到来的2019年,Inc42表示,2019年印度科技创企融资额预计有望达到135亿美元,交易数量可能为936笔。但2017、2018出现小部分创企获得大部分融资的的差距态势可能还会持续。

 

The Indian media platform Inc42 just released its Indian Tech Startup Funding Report 2018. According to the report, during 2018 Indian startups received $11 B total funding across 743 deals. While in 2017, 4 startups took away a little more than half the funding $6.9 Bn, in 2018 nine key raises reaped in $5.4 Bn of the total $11 Bn.

“The Indian startup ecosystem is surely maturing as evident from the positive growth in the funding in growth and late-stage startups, however, the drop in seed stage funding implies that the ecosystem has a long way to go,” observed Inc42 Editor-in-Chief Pooja Sareen. “Uncertainties like angel tax dilemma, copyright infringement, surveillance order and E-retail bill cap are robbing India the capital inflow observed in other global startup hubs like the US, UK and Israel.”

Additional key highlights from the Indian Tech Startup Funding Report 2018 include:

  1. While the number of deals declined by 21% and the total funding amount decreased by 16%
  2. Fintech (by deals) and ecommerce (by amount) emerged as the top sectors for startup investments
  3. Bengaluru emerged as the top city with the maximum number of funding deals
  4. 11 Indian startups entered the unicorn club in 2018

Relating to the first point, Inc142 saw  a significant drop in 2018— 40% in comparison to 2017 — in funding deals in the early stage:

“From 551 in 2017, the number of deals in the early stage came down to 331 in 2018. Growth-stage deals remained almost the same while late-stage deals registered an 18% growth as compared to 2017,” reported Inc142.

With consideration to its Business Model Analysis, Inc142 saw the B2B-B2C model had the highest percentage share (41.1%) in the total number of deals. In addition the platform noted that B2B-B2C netted 52.68% of the total amount invested in 2018 while the total investment in this model in 2018 — $5.7 Bn — fell by 27.46% as compared with 2017.

Within the sector Inc142 observed, “Fintech secured the maximum number of deals at 121, while ecommerce took away the maximum funding with $2.1B in investments.

Does location matter? Yes: Bengaluru led with 247 deals in 2018; Delhi/NCR was close second, with 224 deals. The news platform indicated that  both investor participation and unique investors decreased by 17% from 1.9K in 2017 to 1.6K in 2018 and 1.1K to 0.99K. 90% of angel investors opted to make a single investment while only 1% made more than 3 investments in 2018. Among those angels include Rajan Anandan and Binny Bansal with 6 deals each. Accel Partners India (28 deals) and Sequoia Capital India (24 deals) ranked the highest VC firms.

During last year, more than 122 M&As reportedly occurred within the Indian Tech startup ecosystem.

As for 2019, Inc142 made some predictions:

“Funding expected for 2019 is $13.5 Bn through 936 deals, however, the funding gap observed in 2017 and 2018 will continue in 2019 where a handful of startups will be attracting a major chunk of the funding.”

Headlining Indian news at the moment is the capture of crypto scammers that bilked investors out of 5 billion rupees (~$71.6 million USD). Last week, Indian police cautioned Jammu locals not to invest in cryptocurrencies.

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