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区块链国际资讯

MIT教授:区块链可促成更具包容性的无国界经济

1月21日,麻省理工学院教授Silvio Micali在接受彭博社“Daybreak Asia”节目采访时表示,区块链技术的使用,可创造出真正的无国界经济。

在节目中,Micali概述了区块链系统的三大特性——安全性、去中心化以及可扩展性,并表示这三大特性必须同时发挥作用才能实现出更具包容性和无国界的经济。但该麻省理工福特工程教授也指出,虽然区块链具有同时实现三种特性的潜力,但目前为止该技术只能同时实现其中的两种。

当谈论到可扩展性时,Micali强调道,去中心化系统的确需要更卓越的技术来支持,以便于享有与中心化系统同等水平的参与和信心。当被问及区块链系统中的安全漏洞时,Micali则指出,相比于去中心化系统,集权式系统更容易受到黑客攻击,安全和隐私漏洞发生的频率也非常高。

教授对于区块链的安全性充满信心,并指出,去信任化系统中的安全级别会更高:

“在真正的去中心化系统中,权力是分散的且基本上不可能发生全部被攻击的情况,并且当你不再需要信任这个或那个节点时,就获得了真正的安全。”

近日,包括麻省理工、斯坦福大学和加州大学伯克利分校在内的一些美国主要大学联合启动了一个名为Unit-e的加密货币项目,并高赞此项目为“全球可扩展性的去中心化支付网络”。

在本月初的时候,《麻省理工科技评论》发表了一篇文章,认为2019年将是区块链技术实现标准化的一年。

Blockchain can allow for the creation of a borderless economy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) professor Silvio Micali claimed in a interview on Bloomberg’s Daybreak Asia, Jan. 21.

Speaking on the show, Micali outlined three major properties of blockchain systems that must function simultaneously to enable a more inclusive and borderless economy — security, decentralization and scalability. According to MIT’s Ford Professor of Engineering, until recently, only two of those three basic properties could have been achieved simultaneously at any time.

When asked about scalability in particular, Micali stressed that a decentralized system really needs superior technology to provide the same level of participation and confidence that is enjoyed by centralized systems.

When asked about security breaches in blockchain systems, Micali stated that centralized systems are far more vulnerable to hacking attempts, pointing to the frequency of security and privacy breaches that repeatedly take place among centralized institution of various sorts.

The professor expressed optimism about blockchain in terms of security, noting the level of security built into the concept of a trustless system:

“Only a true decentralized system, where the power is really so spread that is going to be essentially practically impossible to attack them all and when you don’t need to trust this or that particular node, is going to bring actually the security we really need and deserve.”

Recently, a group of major United States universities, including MIT, Stanford University and the University of California, Berkeley, announced the launch of Unit-e, a cryptocurrency project touted as a “globally scalable decentralized payments network.”

Earlier in January, MIT Technology Review issued an article claiming that 2019 will become the year when blockchain technology finally becomes normalized.

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