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美国政府关门是否会影响比特币ETF的批准?

美国证券交易委员会(SEC)将于下月就Vaneck Solidx比特币ETF做出决定,截止日期不能再延后。然而,由于美国政府目前被关闭,一位证券律师解释了ETF可能面临的情况,也包括自动批准的可能性。

专注于证券、大宗商品、期货和其他衍生品相关诉讼的律师Jake Chervinsky于上周五发布了一系列推文,解释了当前美国政府的关闭对于就Vaneck Solidx比特币交易所交易基金(ETF)做出决定的影响。

SEC已指定最后的决策期限为2月27日,届时将批准或驳回Cboe BZX Exchange提交的,用于推出和交易Vaneck Solidx比特币ETF的拟议规则变更,这距离ETF提案首次在联邦公报上发布已经过去了240天。Chervinsky在推文中强调:“美国证券交易委员会没有权力延长240天的期限。任何进一步的延误都是违法的......根据法律,这意味着如果SEC未能在2月27日的截止日期前作出决定,ETF将自动获得批准。”然而,他继续解释了为什么比特币ETF被自动批准的结果是“极不可能的”。

由于特朗普总统和国会在南部边境的问题上出现政治僵局,许多美国政府部门已完全关闭,美国证券交易委员会在其网站上发布通知称:“自12月27日起直至另行通知,该机构将有非常有限的可执法工作人员。但是,我们将应对涉及市场诚信和投资者保护的紧急情况,包括执法行动。”

同时,SEC在其网站关闭期间公布了其运营计划。该文件解释说,该机构将停止“(包括比特币ETF在内的)新的金融产品的审查和批准注册申请”。

虽然承认美国证券交易委员会仍有可能批准比特币ETF,但Chervinsky认为如果政府关闭超过了批准的截止日期,那么机会“接近于零”。他进一步声称,即使ETF自动获得批准,但是“它不太可能长期保持有效。自动批准不是终身保证,可以轻松撤消。当政府关闭结束时,SEC仍可以强制除名ETF。”

The US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has frozen all pending administrative proceedings due to the government shutdown. According to a legal expert, however, the Commission is not allowed, by law, to delay the decision on VanEck/SolidX Bitcoin ETF past its current deadline.

NO MORE DELAYS DESPITE GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN

The SEC has issued an order on January 16th, putting all pending administrative proceedings on hold because it has “experienced a lapse in appropriations.”

According to the documents, all proceedings which have to face a hearing before the Commission or an administrative law judge, are currently frozen.

Legal expert Jake Chervinsky said that even though the SEC has been shut down before that order, administrative proceedings were still in motion, hence deadlines were unaffected.

Now that the SEC has stayed all administrative proceedings, interested parties may file a motion to dismiss the stay if their proceedings are an exception of the activities stated in the order.

Bitcoinist reported that the SEC needs to come up with a decision on the approval of the CBOE-backed VanEck/SolidX Bitcoin ETF by February 27, 2019.

Irrespective of the newest order, the SEC isn’t allowed to further delay its decision, the legal expert holds:

This does not change anything about the ETF deadline, which is imposed by the statute and cannot be delayed further.

The commission has already delayed its decision multiple times, with the last one happening in December.

SEC’s shutdown saw mounting rumors that the Bitcoin ETF might get automatically approved if the commission misses the deadline. While this is true in theory, Chervinsky recently dismissed the possibility, saying that “in reality, it would never happen.”

It’s true that a proposed rule change is auto-approved if the SEC doesn’t make a decision by the deadline, but in reality it would never happen. The SEC has enough staff to put out a decision, even if it’s a one-pager saying ‘denied for reasons to be explained later.

Chervinsky, who’s also a frequent commentator on cryptocurrency-related matters, has previously said that the chances of a Bitcoin ETF approval are down to 10%.

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